There is a world somewhere between reality and fiction. Although ignored by many, it is very real and so are those living in it. This forum is about the natural world. Here, wild animals will be heard and respected. The forum offers a glimpse into an unknown world as well as a room with a view on the present and the future. Anyone able to speak on behalf of those living in the emerald forest and the deep blue sea is invited to join.
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  Bears in ancient human cultures
Posted by: Montezuma - 12-07-2022, 12:42 PM - Forum: Human & Nature - No Replies
I am new member to this forum. I am here to share some my thread regarding of bears's role in ancient cultures throughout N. america, S. america, Asia, Europe and even Africa. Here is the list of those threads. Hope everybody like.

(Note: These thread have only to do with bears role in ancient cultures. Do not discuss about fights below it)

[b]1#. Cave bear importance in Prehistoric cultures

2#. Polar bear importance in Arctic cultures

3#. Grizzly bear importance in Native American cultures

4#. Brown bear importance in European cultures

5#. Brown bear importance in Siberian cultures

6#. Syrian brown bear importance in Middle eastern cultures

7#. Black bear importance in Native American cultures

8#. Spectacled bear importance in Andean cultures

9#. Gaint Panda importance in Chinese culture

10#. Bears importance in Far eastetn cultures (Black bear and Brown bear)

11#. Bears importance in South Asian cultures (Sloth bear, Black bears, Brown bears, Sun Bears)

[b]12#. Did mexican grizzlies existed in Mesoamerican civilizations?[/b]
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  Travel tips to keep in mind for Coorg
Posted by: ankithkumar - 12-01-2022, 03:10 PM - Forum: Vacations and Holidays - No Replies
The beautiful large hill town where nature is at its very best is Coorg, Karnataka. It has a lot to offer for travelers like woody slopes, sprawling coffee plantations, alluring peaks, evergreen timber forests with a cool climate, scenic attractions, and adventurous terrain. There are some things to keep in mind before planning a vacation to Coorg.
Here we list some useful tips before heading to Coorg.
[b]Know the best time to visit[/b]
While planning for a vacation to Coorg think about the monsoon & months when you are visiting. The best time to travel to Coorg is from [b]October to May[/b]. The temperature will be not too hot or too cold, which is good for travel. From [b]June to September is romantic[/b] & heaven for honeymooners From November to January the temperature during nighttime drops gradually. So carry warm clothes with you when you travel.
[b]Book a best homestay or resort[/b]
Before planning for a vacation to Coorg, research for the good hotels, homestays, or resorts in Coorg. There are a huge number of resorts in Coorg. Take caution before booking resorts online.
1. Choose a resort property [b]that offers the best facilities[/b] like the best premium rooms, delicious food, free wifi, jeep safari, outdoor games, and children’s play area, spa & more.
2. Check their [b]website, reviews & ratings, get[/b] contact numbers, and talk to property managers before booking.
3. Check the security of homestays or resorts before booking.
4. Book resorts or homestays that are in decent places and nearby to Madikeri town.
[b]Keep a sufficient amount of cash[/b]
Since it is a large hill station, finding ATMs or Banks is not easy. Very few banks and ATMs are available in Madikeri. So [b]keep an adequate amount of hard cash[/b] in hand for expenses like shopping, buying things in local shops. It is hard to pay in mobile too since there will be no network coverage in the largest hill stations.
[b]Be conscious on the roads[/b]
One of the important tips is to be cautious about driving on the roads of hill stations like Coorg.[b] Avoid traveling at night[/b] or travel with caution during winter after 3 PM as there will be a misty fog climate and the roads will not be clear. A major reason for this is roads in this region are very narrow and driving at night is very risky. [b]Carry important items[/b] like medical kit, water, umbrella, torchlight, fruits, etc. for any emergency purpose
[b]Hire a private vehicle[/b]
If you are coming with friends or family as a group, hiring a private vehicle on rent from Bangalore, Mysore, or Mangalore to Coorg will be the best option as getting a vehicle from the local town is not easy especially on the long weekends or peak tourist seasons.
These are the most important things to be noted before planning to Coorg. Another important thing is smoking in the public is not allowed in Coorg, Usage of plastics is not allowed, respect the locals & their culture and maintain peace while on the roads avoid noise.
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Wink Pench & Kanha National Park-Tiger Safari Tours
Posted by: falconwatch - 11-10-2022, 11:48 AM - Forum: Vacations and Holidays - No Replies
Pench National Park is not like the others. This teak forest, which can be found in the AVSM belt (which encompasses the Aravali, Vindhyanchal, Satpura, and Maikal Ranges), is an interesting alternative and a welcome change from the typical and picturesque parks of Kanha and Bandhavgarh. When compared to Kanha and Bandhavgarh, the tracks here are easier to navigate, the trees are denser, and there is more dense undergrowth. This could be one of the reasons why the herbivore population here is far bigger. This location is notable for its lack of sound. You begin to believe that you are the King when all of a sudden, your driver stops after noticing the pugmarks left by the real King of the area. He displays them to you, and then all of a sudden you hear an alarm call coming from one of the inhabitants of the jungle. A tiger has just crossed. You, your driver, your naturalist are all awake. Looking in the direction that the call was coming from, her eyes were much larger than normal, and her heart was beating at a rate of 120 beats per minute. You want to see the real King of Pench, the one with ears as enormous as an elephant's, don't you? As the story progresses, you realise that you are in Pench, the genuine and authentic Kipling Country.

There are approximately one hundred Bengal tigers and a great number of other species that can be discovered in the expansive, natural, and breathtaking Kanha National Park. It is generally recognised as one of India's finest national parks, has an exceptional track record of conservation, and provides tourists with the opportunity to escape into a huge environment reminiscent of The Jungle Book, in which the majestic Bengal tiger reigns supreme.

Kanha is often considered to be one of the finest national parks in all of India due to its expansive sal woodland and open grassland meadows. The location of this city may be found in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Because of the presence of Bengal tigers in the area, tourists travel from all over the world to see them. This vast wilderness is home to a wide variety of resident and migratory birds, such as peacocks and vultures, as well as leopards, Indian bison, langurs, wild boar, and jackals. Peacocks and vultures are among the resident species. In addition to the most powerful of the big cats, the Royal Bengal Tiger, numerous antelope and deer can be seen in huge numbers in Kanha's meadows. These animals include the rare hard-ground barasinga swamp deer, which is now the official state animal of Madhya Pradesh.

Explore some of our most well-known tours to the Kanha Tiger Reserve, or find out more about the Kanha national park by reading our guide to tiger safaris in the Kanha area.
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  Please like this post if you can see/read it.
Posted by: BA0701 - 10-05-2022, 10:49 PM - Forum: Lion - No Replies
Hello everyone, can you all, please, place a like on this post so I know it can be seen?
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  **Test thread**
Posted by: BA0701 - 10-04-2022, 11:47 PM - Forum: Tiger - No Replies
This is a test thread only!!
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  Common rear hip wasting away condition
Posted by: BigLion39 - 09-30-2022, 12:47 PM - Forum: Lion - Replies (2)
I know this was talked about a lot over the years but I ran across a post in FB and apparently by someone who is in the field. Heres what he said about that common problem of the rear hip just wasting away, some lions have a black patchy spot with no hair too. He was commenting on a pic of the Birmingham #7 sub unfortunately after his 6 bros left the area....

*This image is copyright of its original author

***If this is not in the correct area can a mod delete this thread and place this in the correct spot? Thanks!
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  China has a 270kg Amur tiger
Posted by: wcs159583 - 09-16-2022, 07:22 PM - Forum: Tiger - Replies (13)
China has a 270kg Amur tiger, measured by Professor Feng, this tiger's bust even reached 180.

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  Is this lion the famous Nyamakunze or big black.
Posted by: Hasnain - 09-11-2022, 04:13 PM - Forum: Questions - No Replies
I saw this lion on the internet and i was impressed by his black mane. Then i remembered a guy named nyamakunze aka big black and this guy looked very similar to him. Very similar dark mane and a little brown mane around cheeks. Is this the guy called big black or nyamakunze. I really want the pictures of big black as i saw one of his pics where i was unable to see his face.
If the picture is not posted then i apologize. I added the picture by adding attachment option as i don't know how to post picture properly because this is my first post 

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  Plains Camp males
Posted by: Tr1x24 - 09-04-2022, 04:00 PM - Forum: Lion - Replies (94)
Plains Camp males:

Photo credits : dianalaurapando

*This image is copyright of its original author

2 brothers born into Plains Camp pride around July 2017, they where sired by mighty Mantimahle males.

October 2017:
Photo credits : Rhino Post Safari Lodge 

*This image is copyright of its original author

As a cubs, with their sisters, they where thriving under protection of 5 mighty fathers.

April 2018 :
Photo credits : Rhino Post Safari Lodge 

*This image is copyright of its original author

Photo credits : gregory.gillespie_95

*This image is copyright of its original author

Coming into 2019, 4 out of 5 their fathers started to moving away from this area and hanging with new, bigger prides further south, leaving only 1 male behind with them, he is known as famous 5th Mantimahle, the separated brother.

5th and PC subs, February 2019:

Later around mid 2019, 2 S. Avocas took that advantage and pushed out remaining 5th Mantimahle and takeover Plains Camp pride. With subadults being only around 2 years of age, they where forced to run away and leave the pride, starting nomadic life.

Photo credits : gregory.gillespie_95

*This image is copyright of its original author

Thats where Plains Camp males where seen in Sabi Sands for the first time, in April 2020, they appeared in eastern MalaMala, in company of 2 sisters.

They moved west and hanged around Sabi Sabi for some time, eventually 2 sisters left them and prob returned back towards their natal area, leaving 2 young males alone.

*This image is copyright of its original author

*This image is copyright of its original author

*This image is copyright of its original author

But their presence didn't get unnoticed, as they also hanged in MalaMala and in Bboys territory, Bboys Tinyo caught them and beat up 1 of the males, leaving him limping. Eventually, shortly after July 2020, 2 youngsters left Sabi Sands and went back in Kruger. They where seen hanging around Skukuza and their natal area around Rhino Post.

Rhino Post, August 2020 :

Although most of us believed we wont see these 2 youngsters again in Sabi Sands, suprise happened in March 2021, 2 males where spotted in Sabi Sabi, this time significantly bigger then they once where.

*This image is copyright of its original author

*This image is copyright of its original author

They roamend almost whole Sabi Sand, although this time bigger, they where still no match for local, territorial males, so they where chased around a lot by Bboys, Avoca males and OM.

Photo credits : Londolozi 

*This image is copyright of its original author

Eventually, towards the late 2021, they settled into empty area of Singita, attracting 2 Nkuhuma females, Ridge Nose and Amber Eyes with them. They become territorial males.

Photo credits : Africa journey nature experience 

*This image is copyright of its original author

Around early 2022, Ridge Nose give birth to 2 cubs, their first offspring. 

Since they settled in Singita, they are assumed to be responsible for killing few female lions, like subs from Nkuhuma and Talamati prides, and possible Tsalala female.

2 males growed into massive and impressive specimens, prob the most impressive males in Sabi Sands already, at only 5 yrs of age. But its not only their looks, since they become territorial, their confidence and agressivnes skyrocket.

Photo credits : MalaMala 

*This image is copyright of its original author

They are actively searching for new females (seen mating with breakaway Mhangeni female) and to expand territory, pushing east and especially west, already invading west few times in the past months against Skorro Jr. Tumbela, who eventualy lost his territory to Nhenha and NK male.

But now 2 territorial males there didn't slow down PC males, just yesterday they confidentley invaded western sector and chased both males.

Its yet to be see how will this campaing west and future go for 2 impressive males.
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  Gijima coalition
Posted by: Potato - 09-03-2022, 09:11 PM - Forum: Lion - Replies (45)
Since those two males now firmly are establishing themselfs as one of the dominant male lion coalitions of Sabi Sands it is time they have thread of their own.

Welcome to the Gijima males of Lion Sands

*This image is copyright of its original author

Unpredictable and dramatic at the best of times, the lion dynamics of Lion Sands were turned on their head by the unexpected arrival of three young males quietly crossing the Sabie River from the Kruger National Park and sneaking into the western reaches of our property.

At this point, the territory within Lion Sands belonged to the Ndhzenga males, an older and more experienced coalition, which thus far had fiercely defended the land and the prides within it from competing lions. Because of this, no one expected the newcomers to stay long, and when the Ndhzenga eventually killed one of the young brothers, it was assumed the remaining two would leave the area completely.

Remarkably, the two brothers chose to remain on Lion Sands, strategically avoiding any further altercations with the Ndhzenga. Being unsure of their surroundings and unaccustomed to vehicles, the young nomads would run every time we attempted to approach, making sightings challenging and giving rise to their eventual name, ‘The Gijimas’, which means ‘to run’ in the local language of Shangaan.

*This image is copyright of its original author

*This image is copyright of its original author

Under the protection of the Ndhzenga males, the Styx and Southern prides where flourishing, and any threat that the Gijimas posed to their young seemed minimal. That is, until the Ndhzenga unexpectedly abandoned their Lion Sands territory in pursuit of new land and females to the north, leaving the Styx Pride and the Southern Pride defenceless against the Gijimas.

The Styx Pride was particularly vulnerable to an assault by the Gijimas, with 11 young cubs that would be killed by the males if caught in order to mate with the females and eliminate another male’s offspring. To prevent this, the three experienced Styx lionesses moved with stealth and caution around the property until eventually, they pushed north into unfamiliar territories to protect their cubs from the Gijimas.

The situation of the lionesses of the Southern Pride was slightly different; with two female sub-adults of about two years old, the likelihood of the Gijimas males trying to kill them was minimal. This is because they would be considered part of the pride rather than the cubs of another male. Since the arrival of the Gijimas, the adult lioness has been seen mating with the brothers on several occasions. More recently, there have been sightings of the lioness and her daughters together with the males, which presents the exciting prospect of a growing pride.

Over the last few months, the Gijimas have become a near constant presence on Lion Sands, making them far more relaxed around our vehicles and treating us to exciting sightings. Since their entrance to the property, they have had few encounters with other males, so predicting their future here is near impossible. Who knows if the Ndhzenga will one day return to defend their territory? But with the Gijimas growing in confidence and strength, it seems unlikely that they will be easily overthrown.

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