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  Increase reputation of members if you like their content
Posted by: sanjay - 11-08-2018, 09:05 PM - Forum: Tips, Guides, Tutorial & Technical Problem - No Replies
Hello All,
When some one make posts he/she puts effort to bring that content, specially those who writes unique articles explaining all the fine details. Apart form liking their posts you can also help them by increasing their Reputation, this encourage and help them to produce regular great and good contents. Producing good content is not easy thing it take lots of effort, time and study to produce one good written content. Rating them will help them to continue their journey of finding good content for you on WildFact.

Likewise you can also lower the reputation of trolls and fanatic posters if they post craps all the time, use it rarely though.

In this thread I will explain how you can increase the reputation of other members who contribute very good content for you.

There are 2 ways of adding Reputation (rating) to a member

1. You can add rating directly from the members posts

a) Visit the post for which you really want to give rating (reputation) to the member and click at the star icon below his photo in that post. See the below image

*This image is copyright of its original author


b) A popup will come, you can choose the rating points from drop box in the popup. Note: the rating points (option) is different for different member groups

*This image is copyright of its original author


c) You can write remark in the box below the drop box. Remember it is completely optional and then click "Add Rating" black button

*This image is copyright of its original author


d) If everything goes fine, you should see the success message in the popup, which you can close.

*This image is copyright of its original author


e) If you want see the reputation of the member, you can click the Underlined number (ex: 40) to see all the reputation details of the member.

*This image is copyright of its original author



2. You can also add rating from member profile page

a) First visit the profile of the member (need help to find the profile of user? Ask below). Scroll down to see the Reputation row. Click on "[Rate]" link.

*This image is copyright of its original author


b) Now a popup will come. First, choose your rating point from drop box in the popup, then write the remark(optional) and then finally click "Add Rating" black button

*This image is copyright of its original author


c) Finally, you can close the popup box and then can click to "[Details]" link to see all the rating details.

*This image is copyright of its original author


That's all. Hope this little mini visual guide help you guys to understand how to give Reputation (rating) to a member for writing good and detailed posts. So.. if you have any question please shoot in below. I will answer as soon as possible. If you think you get all, lets try a real quick example by giving me rating for this detailed post that I created to explain the rating system itself (Ha ha.. jokes apart.. you don't really need to do this.. this is optional ... Lol Ha Ha )
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  Discoveries
Posted by: brotherbear - 11-04-2018, 03:36 PM - Forum: Prehistoric animals - Replies (5)
http://www.panarmenian.net/eng/news/2603..._in_Russia  
 
Oldest known animal fossil discovered in Russia 
 
September 21, 2018 - 14:27 AMT

PanARMENIAN.Net - Hailed as “the Holy Grail of palaeontology”, scientists have confirmed that an unusual oval shape found preserved in Russian cliffs is the oldest known animal fossil, The Independent reports.

Debate has raged in the research community for decades over the identity of Dickinsonia, which roamed the Earth 558 million years ago during the Ediacaran period.

Life forms from this period are thought to be the first ever large, multicellular creatures, but they are so different to anything alive today that their exact identity has remained a mystery.

Previously experts have suggested the metre-long Dickinsonia could be a fungus or a giant amoeba.

But experiments using a specimen from north west Russia has revealed their true identity as some of the first ever animals.

The fossil was so well preserved that when researchers drilled into it they found traces of cholesterol, a type of fat that is a clear indicator of animal life.
“The fossil fat molecules that we’ve found prove that animals were large and abundant 558 million years ago, millions of years earlier than previously thought,” said Professor Jochen Brocks from the Australian National University.
The current received wisdom in palaeontology is that large animals began to dominate around the time of the Cambrian explosion around 541 million years ago.

At this point creatures recognisable as worms, molluscs and other modern groups appear in the fossil record, but the new discovery suggests they were preceded by a wave of animals that looked like Dickinsonia.

Besides high levels of cholesterol, the fossil was lacking in chemical markers known to be associated with fungi.

“Scientists have been fighting for more than 75 years over what Dickinsonia and other bizarre fossils of the Edicaran biota were,” said Professor Brocks, who “couldn’t believe” the results when they were first brought to him by PhD student Ilya Bobrovskiy.

He added: “The fossil fat now confirms Dickinsonia as the oldest known animal fossil, solving a decades-old mystery that has been the Holy Grail of palaeontology.”

The specimen was excavated from a remote cliff face near the White Sea by Bobrovskiy.

“I took a helicopter to reach this very remote part of the world – home to bears and mosquitoes – where I could find Dickinsonia fossils with organic matter still intact,” he said.
Bobrovskiy noted the difficulty in finding a fossil as old as this Dickinsonia specimen that still contained traces of organic material.

“Most rocks containing these fossils such as those from the Ediacara Hills in Australia have endured a lot of heat, a lot of pressure and then they were weathered after that,” he said. “These are the rocks that palaeontologists studied for many decades, which explained why they were stuck on the question of Dickinsonia’s true identity.”

The results of this work, published in the journal Science, mark a new way for scientists to examine the prehistoric world.

“Looking at molecules in these ancient organisms is a game changer,” said Professor Brocks.
Historically, palaeontologists have exclusively looked at the structure of ancient creatures, but adding molecular analysis to these studies allows them to explore them in far greater depth.
 
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Shocked Need help to find the name of a Nepalese spider
Posted by: Andy Celt - 11-02-2018, 06:31 AM - Forum: Invertebrate and Insects - Replies (8)
Hi Folks, i was wandering if any of you guys can help me find the name of a Nepalese spider i seen many years ago.

I have been hunting for the name for over 20 years and i still cannot find it.

In simple terms, it's basically a big black Tarantula and is at least 8 inches across/wide.

I have no photos of it and have seen none on the net. The closest i've seen was the Tarantula's they spotted in Sri Lanka a few years back.

There are many travelers stories about them but no photos. 

The nearest i came to finding the name was in the Chitwan National Park where the naturalists told me they knew exactly what i was talking about, but unfortunately, Nepal does not give spiders individual names.

The Nepalese simply call all spiders Makuru, which i believe means spider in Nepali. I was gutted to be told this but kept looking.

The naturalists also told me that you do not find these in the Chitwan as it's too low for them and they prefer higher ground. This makes sense as i seen them in Pokhara in the jungle/forest and the web was hung between two trees and started about 10 feet of the ground.

The web was simply huge and i'm staggered that after all this time nobody has a picture of the spider or even of the huge web. The spider i seen was sitting right in the middle of the web and i have always regretted not taking the camera with me that day.

I personally believe it is a Tarantula, but, Nepal officially does not recognise having Tarantulas this size. They most certainly do and i would love to end this 20 year plus mystery.

Any help at all would be fantastic and greatly appreciated. If it's not possible the search will go on! 
*This image is copyright of its original author
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  Eomellivora piveteau - Prehistoric giant Honey badger
Posted by: epaiva - 10-28-2018, 10:01 PM - Forum: Prehistoric animals - Replies (5)

*This image is copyright of its original author

*This image is copyright of its original author

*This image is copyright of its original author

Credits to @chasingmammoth and to Debian Art by Smerjeevski
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  Elephants
Posted by: brotherbear - 10-28-2018, 06:41 PM - Forum: Herbivores Animals - Replies (1)
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/20...122856.htm 
 
Asian elephants could be the math kings of the jungle
Experimental evidence shows that Asian elephants possess numerical skills similar to those in humans
Date:
October 22, 2018
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  Fossa - Cryptoprocta ferox
Posted by: Cryptoprocta - 10-27-2018, 02:21 PM - Forum: Carnivorous and Omnivores Animals, Excluding Felids - Replies (1)
Fossa - Cryptoprocta ferox

*This image is copyright of its original author

The fossa (/ˈfɒsə/ or /ˈfuːsə/;[3] Malagasy Malagasy pronunciation: [ˈfusə̥]Cryptoprocta ferox) is a cat-like, carnivorous mammalendemic to Madagascar. It is a member of the Eupleridae, a family of carnivorans closely related to the mongoose family (Herpestidae). Its classification has been controversial because its physical traits resemble those of cats, yet other traits suggest a close relationship with viverrids (most civets and their relatives). Its classification, along with that of the other Malagasy carnivores, influenced hypotheses about how many times mammalian carnivores have colonized Madagascar. With genetic studies demonstrating that the fossa and all other Malagasy carnivores are most closely related to each other (forming a clade, recognized as the family Eupleridae), carnivorans are now thought to have colonized the island once, around 18 to 20 million years ago.

The fossa is the largest mammalian carnivoreon the island of Madagascar and has been compared to a small cougar. Adults have a head-body length of 70–80 cm (28–31 in) and weigh between 5.5 and 8.6 kg (12 and 19 lb), with the males larger than the females. It has semi-retractable claws (meaning it can extend but not retract its claws fully) and flexible ankles that allow it to climb up and down trees head-first, and also support jumping from tree to tree. The fossa is unique within its family for the shape of its genitalia, which share traits with those of cats and hyenas.


The fossa was formally described by Edward Turner Bennett on the basis of a specimen from Madagascar sent by Charles Telfair in 1833.[8] The common name is the same as the generic name of the Malagasy civet(Fossa fossana), but they are different species. Because of shared physical traits with civetsmongooses, and cats (Felidae), its classification has been controversial. Bennett originally placed the fossa as a type of civet in the family Viverridae, a classification that long remained popular among taxonomists. Its compact braincase, large eye sockets, retractable claws, and specialized carnivorous dentition have also led some taxonomists to associate it with the felids.[9] In 1939, William King Gregory and Milo Hellman placed the fossa in its own subfamily within Felidae, the Cryptoproctinae. George Gaylord Simpsonplaced it back in Viverridae in 1945, still within its own subfamily, yet conceded it had many cat-like characteristics.[4][10]

An extinct relative of the fossa was described in 1902 from subfossil remains and recognized as a separate species, Cryptoprocta spelea, in 1935. This species was larger than the living fossa (with a body mass estimate roughly twice as great), but otherwise similar.[4][14] Across Madagascar, people distinguish two kinds of fossa—a large fosa mainty ("black fossa") and the smaller fosa mena ("reddish fossa")—and a white form has been reported in the southwest. It is unclear whether this is purely folklore or individual variation—related to sex, age or instances of melanism and leucism—or whether there is indeed more than one species of living fossa.


*This image is copyright of its original author


Overall, the fossa has features in common with three different carnivoran families, leading researchers to place it and other members of Eupleridae alternatively in Herpestidae, Viverridae, and Felidae. Felid features are primarily those associated with eating and digestion, including tooth shape and facial portions of the skull, the tongue, and the digestive tract,[4] typical of its exclusively carnivorous diet.[9] The remainder of the skull most closely resembles skulls of genus Viverra, while the general body structure is most similar to that of various members of Herpestidae. The permanent dentition is 3.1.3-4.13.1.3-4.1 (three incisors, one canine, three or four premolars, and one molaron each side of both the upper and lower jaws), with the deciduous formula being similar but lacking the fourth premolar and the molar. The fossa has a large, prominent rhinarium similar to that of viverrids, but has comparatively larger, round ears, almost as large as those of a similarly sized felid. Its facial vibrissae (whiskers) are long, with the longest being longer than its head. Like some mongoose genera, particularly Galidia (which is now in the fossa's own family, Eupleridae) and Herpestes (of Herpestidae), it has carpalvibrissae as well. Its claws are retractile, but unlike those of Felidae species, they are not hidden in skin sheaths. 
The fossa is a carnivore that hunts small to medium-sized animals. One of eight carnivorous species endemic to Madagascar, the fossa is the island's largest surviving endemic terrestrial mammal and the only predator capable of preying upon adults of all extant lemur species,[26][29] the largest of which can weigh as much as 90 percent of the weight of the average fossa.[9][29]Although it is the predominant predator of lemurs,[29][30] reports of its dietary habits demonstrate a wide variety of prey selectivity and specialization depending on habitat and season; diet does not vary by sex. While the fossa is thought to be a lemur specialist in Ranomafana National Park,[31] its diet is more variable in other rain forest habitats.
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  Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2018
Posted by: sanjay - 10-19-2018, 10:11 AM - Forum: Wildlife Pictures and Videos Gallery - No Replies
The latest winners of the 'Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2018' have been revealed – and they're as impressive as ever.
This contest is run by the Natural History Museum and it was the 55th year. More than 45,000 entries from wildlife photographers across 95 countries had been submitted

Here are some of the most spectacular winning entries.


*This image is copyright of its original author

Winner, Behaviour: Amphibians and Reptiles
'Hellbent': It was not looking good for the northern water snake, clamped tightly in the jaws of a hungry hellbender, but it was a remarkable find for David. Drifting downstream in Tennessee’s Tellico River, in search of freshwater life (as he had done for countless hours over the past seven years), he was thrilled to spot the mighty amphibian with its struggling prey. When the attacker tried to reposition its bite, wrinkly folds of skin rippling, the snake pushed free from its jaws and escaped. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ David Herasimtschuk)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Grand Title Winner
'The golden couple': A male Qinling golden snub-nosed monkey rests briefly on a stone seat. He has been joined by a female from his small group. Both are watching intently as an altercation takes place down the valley between the lead males of two other groups in the 50-strong troop. It’s spring in the temperate forest of China’s Qinling Mountains, the only place where these endangered monkeys live. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ Marsel van Oosten)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Winner, Animals in their environment
'Bed of seals': A small ice floe in the Errera Channel at the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula provides barely enough room for a group of crabeater seals to rest, and the cracks are starting to show. Crabeater seals are widespread in Antarctica and possible the most abundant of all seals anywhere. But they are also depended on sea ice, for resting, breeding, avoiding predators such as killer whales and leopard seals, and accessing feeding areas. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ Cristobal Serrano)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Winner, Wildlife Photographer Portfolio Award
'Mother defender': A large Alchisme treehopper guards her family as the nymphs feed on the stem of a nightshade plant in El Jardín de los Sueños reserve in Ecuador. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ Joan de la Malla)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Winner, Behaviour: Invertebrates
'Mud-rolling mud dauber': It was a hot summer day, and the waterhole at Walyormouring Nature Reserve, Western Australia, was buzzing. Georgina had got there early to photograph birds, but her attention was stolen by the industrious slender mud-dauber wasps, distinctive with their stalk-like first abdominal segments. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ Georgina Steytler)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Winner, Behaviour: Mammals
'Kuhirwa mourns her baby': Kuhirwa, a young female member of the Nkuringo mountain gorilla family in Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, would not give up on her dead baby. What Ricardo first thought to be a bundle of roots turned out to be the tiny corpse. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ Ricardo Nunez Montero)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Winner, Wildlife Photojournalist Award: Story
'Signature tree': A male jaguar sharpens his claws and scratches his signature into a tree on the edge of his mountain territory in the Sierra de Vallejo in Mexico’s western state of Nayarit. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ Alejandro Prieto)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Winner, Wildlife Photojournalism
'The sad clown': Timbul, a young long-tailed macaque, instinctively puts his hand to his face to try to relieve the discomfort of the mask he has to wear in Java, Indonesia. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ Joan de la Malla)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Winner, Under Water
'Night flight': On a night dive over deep water – in the Atlantic, far off Florida’s Palm Beach – Michael Patrick O’Neill achieved a long-held goal, to photograph a flying fish so as to convey the speed, motion and beauty of this ‘fantastic creature’. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ Michael Patrick O’Neill)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Winner, Behaviour: Birds
'Blood thirsty': When rations run short on Wolf Island, in the remote northern Galápagos, the sharp-beaked ground finches become vampires. Their sitting targets are Nazca boobies and other large birds on the plateau. Rather than leave and expose their eggs and chicks to the sun, the boobies appear to tolerate the vampires, and the blood loss doesn’t seem to cause permanent harm. (Wildlife Photographer of the Year/ Thomas P Peschak)
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Wink Semenggoh Orangutan Reserve is providing crucial habitat in Malaysia
Posted by: Matt Newkirk - 10-18-2018, 09:22 AM - Forum: Projects, Protected areas & Issues - Replies (3)
Semenggoh Nature Reserve is home to 30 rescued orangutans in Borneo. The reserve offers visitors a rare chance to get a good look at one of man's closest relatives.

https://www.mymola.com/visiting-orangutan-at-the-semenggoh-nature-reserve-in-kuching-malaysia/
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  Why birds dont grow as large as dinosaurs?
Posted by: Kingtheropod - 10-15-2018, 11:33 PM - Forum: Dinosaurs - Replies (1)
Many people argue the question as to why dinosaurs achieved such large sizes. Many argue that the skeletal design of dinosaurs (hollow bones) allowed them to obtain such masses. However, I dont think it is as simple as that. For instance, birds have hollow bones too but no bird in prehistory has exceeded 1 ton.

So please feel free to provide your theories below...
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  Bone and muscle strength or density
Posted by: parvez - 10-09-2018, 09:07 PM - Forum: Miscellaneous - Replies (34)
Bone and muscle strength is the key to a versus fight. It is the primary factor that influences the victor. Let us discuss about muscle and bone density or indirectly their strength.

*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author

https://hypertextbook.com/facts/2002/Ann...kaya.shtml
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