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India brotherbear Offline
Grizzly Enthusiast
Asian elephants could be the math kings of the jungle
Experimental evidence shows that Asian elephants possess numerical skills similar to those in humans
October 22, 2018
 Grizzly  - Boss of the Woods.
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United States Pckts Offline
Bigcat Enthusiast

In a sensational turn of events, Wild Elephants have returned to Bandhavgarh in Madhya Pradesh since the past couple of months.

They have entered from Chattisgarh and this most likely means that their older habitat is not sufficient for them, and having returned to these parts after a gap of possibly more than 50-100 years (?), one cannot guess the impact on Bandhavgarh either.

Where do they go from here? #habitatdestruction #incredibleindia

"Imagination was given to man to compensate him for what he is not, and a sense of humor was provided to console him for what he is."
-Oscar Wilde
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India Sanju Offline
( This post was last modified: 04-23-2019, 10:09 AM by Sanju )

Kallana (Malayalam language name of Kerala state) is the suspected species of dwarf elephants allegedly found in South India. Kaani tribals dwelling in the rainforests of the Western Ghats (Kerala, India) claim that there are two distinct varieties of elephants in the Peppara forest range, one the common Indian elephants (Elephas maximus indicus), and the other a dwarf variety which they call Kallana. The name Kallana comes from the words "Kallu", which means stones or boulders, and "aana", which means elephant.

The tribals gave the creatures this name because they see the smaller elephant more often in the higher altitudes where the terrain is rocky. Some tribals also call the delicate creatures Thumbiana (thumbi means dragonfly) for the speed with which the pachyderms run through trees and rocks when disturbed. According to the Kani tribals, like all elephants, they enjoy bathing in rivers and they too have dust baths. Unlike larger elephants, however, they seem able to negotiate steep, rocky inclines. The existence of a pygmy variety of elephant in India is yet to be scientifically ascertained. Kani tribals claim they grow to a maximum height of 5 feet (1.5 metres).

In all other respects, they look like Indian elephants. For the past many years the forest officials and inhabitants of the Agasthyakoodam region have always heard Kani tribals talking about Kallanas, but there were never any confirmed sightings. Recently Sali Palode, a Kerala-based wildlife photographer, and Mallan Kani, a member of Kerala’s Kani tribe, who were in search of this elusive elephant were able to photograph one such dwarf elephant, and even claim to have seen a herd.

On 17 March 2010, the same Mallan Kani guided the photographer Ajanta Benny to a Kallana and he took pictures. This was reported in the Malayalam daily Malayala Manorama with a picture. But one needs to be captured and tested to see whether it is a separate species. A new video footage by Sali Palode and Dr Kamaruddheen attained media attention as well as government officials in studying about this, to confirm whether this is a new species. Some of the criticisms from experts is that all the sightings have been of solitary animal. So this could be a sign of genetic aberration rather than a separate species. In 2013, a dwarf individual belonging to Elephas maximus was observed in Udawalawe National Park in southern Sri Lanka and scientifically documented.
When Need turns to Greed, our Extinction happens.
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