There is a world somewhere between reality and fiction. Although ignored by many, it is very real and so are those living in it. This forum is about the natural world. Here, wild animals will be heard and respected. The forum offers a glimpse into an unknown world as well as a room with a view on the present and the future. Anyone able to speak on behalf of those living in the emerald forest and the deep blue sea is invited to join.
--- Peter Broekhuijsen ---

  • 5 Vote(s) - 4.4 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Asiatic Lion - Data, Pictures & Videos

Sri Lanka Apollo Offline
Bigcat Enthusiast
*****
Moderators
#1
( This post was last modified: 01-31-2019, 10:02 AM by Rishi )

Asiatic lion historic range.

*This image is copyright of its original author

https://www.researchgate.net/publication...n_Genomics



*This image is copyright of its original author

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijeb/20...1892/fig1/
6 users Like Apollo's post
Reply

Romania Jinenfordragon Offline
Banned
#2
Video 

Hey guys,
Post anything related to Indian lions, data, pictures or videos.
I will open this thread with a skirmish video between two Gir males:



 

 
3 users Like Jinenfordragon's post
Reply

Sri Lanka Apollo Offline
Bigcat Enthusiast
*****
Moderators
#3
( This post was last modified: 01-25-2019, 04:17 PM by Rishi )

Nice video 
TFS

The Gir


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author
1 user Likes Apollo's post
Reply

United States Pckts Online
Bigcat Enthusiast
******
#4

Cool video, very tiger like when fighting one on one. Notice both do quite a bit of posturing, walk along side of eachother, sizing each other up.
2 users Like Pckts's post
Reply

Sri Lanka Apollo Offline
Bigcat Enthusiast
*****
Moderators
#5

Gir


*This image is copyright of its original author




*This image is copyright of its original author




*This image is copyright of its original author




*This image is copyright of its original author




*This image is copyright of its original author


 
2 users Like Apollo's post
Reply

Guatemala GuateGojira Offline
Expert & Researcher
*****
#6
( This post was last modified: 04-22-2014, 10:34 AM by GuateGojira )

From my point of view, I think this is one of the best images of a male Indian lion in the wild:

*This image is copyright of its original author

This image, this animal, is just perfect!
*This image is copyright of its original author

 
3 users Like GuateGojira's post
Reply

Germany Wanderfalke Offline
Wildanimal Enthusiast
**
#7

Great video and information sheet. Interestng to see how lions behave in a fight when they go one vs. one. 

Pckts wrote: ,,Cool video, very tiger like when fighting one on one. Notice both do quite a bit of posturing, walk along side of eachother, sizing each other up."

Have to agree. But someone has to see more such incidents to get to a final conclusion. I hope we´ll see more of this in the future. 
1 user Likes Wanderfalke's post
Reply

United States Pckts Online
Bigcat Enthusiast
******
#8

Its just hard because there are so few videos of lions fighting for actual territory with rivals, as oppose to quick skirmishes with brothers.
And to find a lion fighting one on one is even more rare.
3 users Like Pckts's post
Reply

Guatemala GuateGojira Offline
Expert & Researcher
*****
#9
( This post was last modified: 04-23-2014, 01:43 AM by GuateGojira )

Here is another informative image:

*This image is copyright of its original author

 


*This image is copyright of its original author

History         
Evolution and migration of lion is connected with climatic changes. Lion is a inhabitant of open country savannah, sparse subtropical dry deciduous scrub forests and dry thorny forests.
 
The Lion like many of our wild animals is a migrant from outside the country. Entering India from the north western passes, it had spread over practically the whole of north and western part of India from Sindh to Bengal and Ganges and Indus on the north to Narmada. Before the close of the last century the Asiatic Lion had become extinct from its range except Gir. The nawab of Junagadh provided adequate protection to Lions in Gir and prohibited hunting form 1911.  
 
Lions deserted the Barda and Alech Hills in later half of nineteenth century. Lions started appearing in Mitiyala forests from 1917 onwards. Lions were last seen in the Girnar Hills till 1963. They were again recorded in the region in the 1974 census.
 
Fact & Figures       
  • Average body size of a male lion is 262 cm long and that of a lioness is 245 cm. Average weight 160 kg and 125 kg for lion and lionesses respectively.
  • Adult lions has tawny colour. Lions have moderate mane between ears. It develops rapidly at the age of two years. The coat thickness changes with seasons.
  • The temperament of lions is cool and tolerant to human presence but they may attack if humans venture too close.
  • Territorial advertisement by roaring, scrapping and spraying is done by adult males. It is only member of cat family which is truly gregarious.
  • Lions hunt together and it has been observed that a group lions hunting together have a higher chance of success than a solitary lion hunt due to division of labour during hunting, protecting and guarding while eating.
  • The largest tenure of males within a pride is six years. The whiskers, special sensory hairs are used as alternative sensory device in the dark.
  • Lions do not have a very strong sense of smell. However sense of hearing is very strong. Sense of sight is exceptionally acute especially in detecting the slightest movement.
  • Vocalisation like growling, snarling, mewing, grunting and roaring are some of the usual calls.
  • The roar of the male lion can be heard for miles around. The main purpose is to claim exclusive rights over a territory. Life span is about 14 to 15 years in the wild.
 
Population Dynamics     
The lion population estimation in the past compiled from various source are as follows:
YearAuthorityNumbers
1880Col. WatsonAbout 12 (E)
1893The then Junagadh StateAbout 31 (E)
1905Maj. CarnegyAbout 60 to 70 (E)
1905The then Junagadh stateAbout 100 (E)
1913Mr. WranglerNot more than 20 (E)
1920Mr P R CadelAbout 50(E)
1920Mr RatnagarAt least 100 (E)
Population estimation from census
YearNumbers
1968177
1974180
1979205
1985239
1990284
1995304
2001329
2005359±10
2010411
The 2010 census said that Gir forests, the last abode of the Asiatic lion, have a total of 411 lions which includes 77 cubs, 120 males, 185 lionesses and 29 lions whose sex could not be ascertained.
 
Reproduction and Mortality      
There is no rigidly fixed breeding season in Lions. Many lions mate between Oct to December and young ones produced around January to march. Birth of cubs shows two peaks in winters and monsoon. Litter size recorded in Gir is between 1 to 4 (average 2.6). Cub survival upto recruitment or the sub-adult stage was estimated to be 56%. Cub mortality is mainly due to starvation. Predation as a cause of mortality is also recorded in Gir. Cubs associate closely with their mother until she has another litter or they are two years old. Learning how to hunt begins at an early age. Lionesses reach maturity at the age of 4 while male require some more months to reach sexual maturity.
 
Food Pattern          
About 75 % of food of lions comes from predation of domestic livestock and 25 % from wild ungulates (Joslin, 1969). As per studies conducted later, this percentage changed to 25 % livestock and 75 % of wild ungulates (Ravi Chellam, 1990). The ranking for prey species for lion are chital, buffalo, sambar, cattle, Nilgai, wild boar, peafowl, camel, langur, chowsingha. Studies there after shows that livestock comprise about 20 % of the lions diet.
 
Migration     
Recent years have witnessed lions moving outside sanctuary limits. Prides of lions are seen to occupy territories in Girnar, Mitiyala, grasslands in Maliya, Jesar and Palitana and coastal forests permanently. Some of the reasons for migration of lions are
  • Good conservation efforts in Gir resulting in a continuous flow of young individual lions looking to rehabit new areas,
  • New areas having good potential as lion habitat with respect to availability of prey (wild ungulates and feral cattle) and shelter,
  • Unhindered and safe movement of lions from Gir and to these locations because of the topography, cropping pattern and land use.
  • Attitude of the local people which is highly conservation oriented, whereby they feel pride in the fact that lions have inhabited their land.
 
Territoriality and Home Range 
Lions are territorial predator, the proof of which is ferocious fights that takes place between males to establish supremacy in their territories. Lions pride has a well defined home range within which pride members remain confined. The lions squirt urine mixed with scents from anal glands through which it delineates its home range.
 
In a study by the Wild life Institute of India Dehradun it, the average territory of males lions in Gir has been found out to be 89 (+/-) 48 sq km and that of a female lion 24 (+/- ) 7.8 sq km. Season affects home range in lions. Lions are social animals and live and hunt in family groups. Group size varies with sex and age. For females it is 1-11 (averaging 1.3 excluding cubs) and for male it is 1-5 (averaging 1.4). Male lions spent 73-85 % of their time resting. However, territorial males have been found to spend 63 % of their active time in territorial advertisement indicating that the territory defense was the most important activity for them.


*This image is copyright of its original author


Source: http://www.gujaratlion.com/history-evolution.htm

Enjoy the reading, from the official page, with official data. [img]images/smilies/biggrin.gif[/img]
 

 
3 users Like GuateGojira's post
Reply

India Vinod Offline
Bigcat Enthusiast
**
#10

some of my favourite Gir lion images

*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


 

*This image is copyright of its original author
6 users Like Vinod's post
Reply

United States Pckts Online
Bigcat Enthusiast
******
#11

Theres a couple of nice looking males in there. Even some nice forearm girth on the last two. Usually lions have a slender forearm and bicep, but these last two have slightly larger looking forearms than most other lions I see.
1 user Likes Pckts's post
Reply

India Vinod Offline
Bigcat Enthusiast
**
#12

This data should give an idea of the distribution of the Indian lion, what is surprising that lions existed in Central & North West India till as late as 19th century & was exterminated in the Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh  by 1866, does that mean lions shared their habitat with tigers during this period? 

Extinct & Vanishing Mammals of the Old World (pg.294-295)


*This image is copyright of its original author


 

 

*This image is copyright of its original author
3 users Like Vinod's post
Reply

Guatemala GuateGojira Offline
Expert & Researcher
*****
#13
( This post was last modified: 04-26-2014, 01:18 PM by GuateGojira )

Lions and tigers shared territory in India, but not habitat. Check this statement:

*This image is copyright of its original author

In fact, tigers and lions live in completely different habitats and surely avoid each other anytime they can. This have good evolutionary sense.

If we follow the "classic" theory, India was like "paradise" of nature, with each large cat (tiger and lion) living in they own habitat and been the top of the food chain in they own place.
 
3 users Like GuateGojira's post
Reply

India Vinod Offline
Bigcat Enthusiast
**
#14


*This image is copyright of its original author



*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author

 

 

 

*This image is copyright of its original author
5 users Like Vinod's post
Reply

India Vinod Offline
Bigcat Enthusiast
**
#15
Video 

an impressive young male



 

 

 

*This image is copyright of its original author
2 users Like Vinod's post
Reply






Users browsing this thread:
1 Guest(s)

About Us
Go Social  

Welcome to WILDFACT forum, a website that focuses on sharing the joy that wildlife has on offer. We welcome all wildlife lovers to join us in sharing that joy. As a member you can share your research, knowledge and experience on animals with the community.
wildfact.com is intended to serve as an online resource for wildlife lovers of all skill levels from beginners to professionals and from all fields that belong to wildlife anyhow. Our focus area is wild animals from all over world. Content generated here will help showcase the work of wildlife experts and lovers to the world. We believe by the help of your informative article and content we will succeed to educate the world, how these beautiful animals are important to survival of all man kind.
Many thanks for visiting wildfact.com. We hope you will keep visiting wildfact regularly and will refer other members who have passion for wildlife.

Forum software by © MyBB