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ON THE EDGE OF EXTINCTION - B - THE LION (Panthera leo)

United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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( This post was last modified: 06-03-2019, 03:31 PM by BorneanTiger )

(05-08-2019, 10:43 PM)BorneanTiger Wrote: It seems that Greece or southeastern Europe wasn't the only place in Europe with modern lions: 

Credit: Louvre Abu Dhabi, Chapter 3, Page 52: https://tcaabudhabi.ae/DataFolder/report...-%20EN.pdf

*This image is copyright of its original author

Forward from (https://wildfact.com/forum/topic-europea...6#pid82046), Heptner and Sludskiy acknowledged the presence of the lion in southeastern Europe, in the region of the Black Sea, particularly Greece and the Balkans (https://archive.org/stream/mammalsofsov2...0/mode/2up), and this is supported by authors like Frazer (https://archive.org/stream/pausaniassdes...earch/lion), Douglas (http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks03/0300611h.html) and Jardine (https://archive.org/stream/naturalistsli...8/mode/2up), besides ancient scholars like Aristotle (https://archive.org/stream/wildbeastsstu...6/mode/2up), Homer (https://www.researchgate.net/publication...cal_record) and Agatharhides (https://snarla.wordpress.com/2007/08/31/arabian-lions/) of Greece, with the latter commenting that even Arabian lions were transported to Greece for entertainment or blood-games. It is assumed that these lions are the same race as the lions that are now found in India, but these encyclopædias from the 19th Century, when the range of the lion was much more extensive, say that 3 types of Asiatic lions were considered (https://books.google.com/books?id=TX7BmP...&q&f=falsehttps://books.google.com/books?id=GWslAA...on&f=false)!

Achelous River between Acarnania and Aetolia (these regions having been discussed here: https://wildfact.com/forum/topic-the-siz...ion?page=5) in Greece, which Herodotus (https://www.researchgate.net/publication...cal_record, https://archive.org/stream/wildbeastsstu...8/mode/2up) mentioned as a boundary of the Greek lion's range: http://www.greenfromgreece.gr/index.php/...lous-river 


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


Marble lion statue from the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus: https://www.britishmuseum.org/research/c...6&partId=1 

*This image is copyright of its original author


Black Figure Kylix: http://www.getty.edu/art/collection/obje...ut-540-bc/
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United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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( This post was last modified: 05-23-2019, 03:41 PM by BorneanTiger )

Forward from (https://wildfact.com/forum/topic-the-siz...ion?page=5), there is something interesting about the place to where Marcelin Flandrin flew from Dakar in 1925, while taking the last known photo of a wild Atlas lion (https://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl...ne.0060174), that is Casablanca: 

*This image is copyright of its original author


Casablanca has more than one zoo that was claimed to have Atlas lions: Parc Sindibad Zoo (https://www.journeybeyondtravel.com/blog...rocco.htmlhttps://www.tripadvisor.fr/LocationPhoto...2-d8610479, https://www.tripadvisor.fr/LocationPhoto...egion.html), Aïn Sebaâ Zoo (which had been poorly maintained (https://www.leconomiste.com/article/9174...ent-t-vacuhttp://forceanimalintervention.over-blog...41855.htmlhttps://observers.france24.com/en/201403...ap-animals), but is now being renovated: https://www.casa-amenagement.ma/en/nos-p...-ain-sebaa), and at Dream Village (where animals at Aïn Sebaâ were transferred to: https://lematin.ma/journal/2014/casablan...06795.html).

Parc Sindibad Zoo: http://parcsindibad.ma/afrique-sauvage/

*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author





Aïn Sebaâ Zoo: 




Dream Village Zoo: 




I came across an interesting document about the history of the Royal Moroccan lions and Casablanca (pages 469470: https://www.researchgate.net/publication...on_Project). It says that Moroccan Monarchs are believed to have kept lions that were descended from lions caught from the Atlas Mountains, and that when Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Youssef (also known as King Mohammed V) abdicated and went into exile in 1953, 3 of his 21 lions in Rabat were transferred to a zoo in Casablanca, with the others being transferred to a zoo at Meknès, and then upon the return of the Sultan to Rabat in 1955, the lions at Meknès were returned to Rabat, but not those at Casablanca:
   
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United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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( This post was last modified: 05-23-2019, 10:29 PM by BorneanTiger )

Forward from (https://wildfact.com/forum/topic-asiatic...6#pid82086), that southern Italian or Spanish lion statue from the Bronze Age (https://tcaabudhabi.ae/DataFolder/report...-%20EN.pdf) wasn't the only lion statue or piece of art that the Louvre Abu Dhabi had, from places where lions wouldn't be seen nowadays. Here are my own photos of lions in ancient or prehistoric Arabian art, from Saudi Arabia or Yemen: 
           

Additionally, one can see a lion-like figure amongst the animals in this piece of rock art, similar to what is depicted here (http://saudi-archaeology.com/subjects/lion/): 
   
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United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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(05-23-2019, 10:27 PM)BorneanTiger Wrote: Forward from (https://wildfact.com/forum/topic-asiatic...6#pid82086), that southern Italian or Spanish lion statue from the Bronze Age (https://tcaabudhabi.ae/DataFolder/report...-%20EN.pdf) wasn't the only lion statue or piece of art that the Louvre Abu Dhabi had, from places where lions wouldn't be seen nowadays, here are my own photos of lions in ancient or prehistoric Arabian art, from Saudi Arabia or Yemen: 

*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


Additionally, one can see a lion-like figure amongst the animals in this piece of rock art, similar to what is depicted here (http://saudi-archaeology.com/subjects/lion/): 

*This image is copyright of its original author

About the Greek or Roman-looking lion figures in the middle, one should bear in mind that the ancient Greeks (https://snarla.wordpress.com/2007/08/31/arabian-lions/) and Romans had contact with the Arabs, and the Romans even ruled a northwestern section of the Arabian Peninsula as part of what was known as "Arabia Petræa" (https://www.unrv.com/provinces/arabia.php, https://www.britannica.com/place/Arabia-Petraea).
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Germany Lycaon Offline
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Thought this is interesting a cape lion in the Antwerp zoo


*This image is copyright of its original author


Source: https://www.akpool.de/ansichtskarten/27688470-ansichtskarte-postkarte-antwerpen-anvers-flandern-jardin-zoologique-lion-du-cap
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United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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(05-13-2019, 11:15 PM)BorneanTiger Wrote: Iran wants to bring back the Asiatic lion to its wilderness, and it already has a captive male at Tehran Zoological Park, but considering what the situation is with the cheetah there, I wonder how they'll manage? https://en.mehrnews.com/news/144891/Will...nce-pushed

*This image is copyright of its original author

A female is set to join this male: https://www.tehrantimes.com/news/436578/...on-in-Iran
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United States Pckts Offline
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So, about 80 years after the extinction of milk in Iran, for the first time, an Iranian lion was transferred to Tehran in collaboration with the EEP extinction threats, the European Institute of Zoos, EAZA and the Tehran Zoo.

Finding a lion in a northwest of Dezful in 1941 by an Indian surveyor is one of the latest reports of lion sight in Iran. In the same years, Iranian milk was completely eliminated from the nature of the country due to its unbridled hunting, shrinkage of its habitat and destruction of its prey. To make

Before the complete extinction, a number of lions who were the symbol of the power of courage were presented to foreign counterparts by Iranian kings.

This is the lion's remnant of lions made by the Qajar kings to the Queen of England and European kings.

The name of this six-year-old milk, which is a purely pure Iranian lion, has been eradicated.
An Iranian lion, a four-year-old woman called Hilda, is being transferred from Dublin to Tehran on Wednesday.

To this end, a standard place has been established with the supervision of the aforementioned institutes in the Tehran Zoo.

This action has been taken to promote the culture of conservation of valuable species and to preserve the valuable Iranian lion's genetic reserve.

Unfortunately, the Environmental Protection Agency, despite the assistance of international organizations for the transfer of Iranian milk to the country, has no plans to use this capacity and re-introducing such valuable to the nature of the country.

Iranian Environment Watch



Film Two days ago # Kamran Iranian Iranian Lion Zoo # Bristol # UK along with her brother
? Photo # Kamran The Iranian breast of the British Bristol Zoo, along with his brother in 2013, is very difficult to eat, after eight years of living together.
And the beautiful pictures of Kamran in the garden
Bristol Beast of England ♦ ️ We just hope that there is no experience of bad life in Iran. After 80 years, this Persian heritage heritage, the Iranian Environment Watch


Iranian Milk Material also arrives in Tehran / Hirman and Ilda will soon get acquainted

After the Iranian male lion named Hirman entered the Tehran Zoo in the middle of May, two days ago an Iranian lion named Ilda arrived in Tehran. (The first is the female milk and the second is male milk.) This Iranian milk ingredient, four years old and called Ilda, has been sent to Tehran from the Irish Dublin Zoo.

According to Dr Iman Memarian, veterinarian and director of the Tehran Eram Zomor, the place of Hirman and Ilda are now separate from each other, but they are introduced to each other for another month.

So, 80 years after the extinction of lion in Iran, for the first time, an Iranian lion and an Iranian lion milk were transmitted to the Tehran Zoo in collaboration with the EEP Endangered Species Program, the European Institute of Zoos, the EAZA.

These lions are the survivors of lions made by the Qajar kings to the Queen of England and the European kings.

To this end, a standard place has been established with the supervision of the aforementioned institutes in the Tehran Zoo.

Unfortunately, despite the assistance of international organizations for the transfer of Iranian milk to the country, there is no plan to use this capacity and re-introducing such a valuable item to the nature of the country.

Iranian milk called Panthera leo persica is under the guise of lions, which is now found only in wildlife in Gujarat, India, but there are a number of these subspecies in different zoos.

The Iranian lion has lived in the plains of our country in the past with a great deal of population, and it is considered a national symbol of Iranians.

There are reports of lion sight in the middle of the twentieth century. Finding a lion in 1941, 64 kilometers north of Dezful, by a British Indian surveyor, is one of the last reports of lion sight in Iran, and probably several years later, there were several lions in Iran.

Ultimately, Iranian livelihoods are completely eliminated from the nature of the country due to over-hunting, shrinking habitat and destroying its prey.

Iranian Environment Watch
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"Imagination was given to man to compensate him for what he is not, and a sense of humor was provided to console him for what he is."
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