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Leopard Predation Thread

United States Styx38 Offline
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It is interesting seeing sub-adult/borderline cub Leopards hunting.

Here is a very young Leopard killing an Axis Deer Stag.




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India Sanju Offline
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When Need turns to Greed, our Extinction happens.
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United States Pckts Offline
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"Imagination was given to man to compensate him for what he is not, and a sense of humor was provided to console him for what he is."
-Oscar Wilde
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India Sanju Offline
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( This post was last modified: 06-30-2020, 10:34 AM by Sanju )


Instinct to practice as a mother.
When Need turns to Greed, our Extinction happens.
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United States Styx38 Offline
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Seems Leopards predate on Reticulated Pythons from time to time.

Leopard with a Reticulated Python kill.


*This image is copyright of its original author



source: https://www.newspapers.com/clip/39347854/leopard-kills-python/


The narrator of this documentary mentions that Reticulated Pythons are aggressive due to predation by Leopards and Tigers.





From 1:12

 "Maria munos grabbed an 18-foot anaconda with her bare hands but that won't work with reticulated pythons their aggressiveness may be what's protecting them from hungry predators like leopards and tigers"
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United States Pckts Offline
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(07-16-2020, 01:35 PM)Styx38 Wrote: Seems Leopards predate on Reticulated Pythons from time to time.

Leopard with a Reticulated Python kill.


*This image is copyright of its original author



source: https://www.newspapers.com/clip/39347854/leopard-kills-python/


The narrator of this documentary mentions that Reticulated Pythons are aggressive due to predation by Leopards and Tigers.





From 1:12

 "Maria munos grabbed an 18-foot anaconda with her bare hands but that won't work with reticulated pythons their aggressiveness may be what's protecting them from hungry predators like leopards and tigers"
It's nothing to do with Leopards or Tigers, Python's are more aggressive than Boa's in general.
They also have more teeth and a different jaw structure. 


"Imagination was given to man to compensate him for what he is not, and a sense of humor was provided to console him for what he is."
-Oscar Wilde
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United States Styx38 Offline
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Leopards have killed Red Deer in the Sochi Reserve.

"During the year of their stay in the reserve, the leopards hunted 15 deer, six rounds and chamois, two roe deer, four wild boars, and Victoria even managed to get an adult wolf! [7] Unfortunately, after 62 weeks, these collars trigger a self-resetting program, so today leopards are no longer under constant surveillance. "Оригинал статьи: https://www.kp.ru/guide/peredneaziatskii-leopard.html

In the Sochi National Park area (Kavkazsky) , the Red Deer average 310.0 kg.


*This image is copyright of its original author


It seems the scientists there are impressed that the can take take down adult Red Deer(?)

"With limbs strong enough to kill a deer, a Persian leopard"

"She brought down an adult deer that we sent in, and then I entered its enclosure at night, and she fled."

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/russia-trying-bring-back-leopard-species-it-last-saw-100-n580796
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United States Styx38 Offline
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Leopard predation on Feral Cattle in China.


"Figure 2 shows the number of livestock preyed on by the north China leopard within the 4 year study period (2015–2018) in and around the Tieqiaoshan Provincial Nature Reserve. A total of 173 livestock were killed, out of which 125 (72%) were adult cattle, 40 (23%) were calves, and 8 (5%) were sheep.

This study shows that the number of livestock species killed by north China leopards in and around the Tieqiaoshan Provincial Nature Reserve differed significantly. Among the livestock, north China leopards killed more cattle. This is contrary to the findings of [3,25], who mentioned in their studies that leopard killed more goats, followed by sheep. This could probably be due to the reasons that goats are not domesticated in and around of this reserve, and most of the sheep kept are not free-range. Therefore, the free-range system of the farming of cattle practiced in and around the reserve makes it ideal for the north China leopard to prey them. In the free-range system, the cattle roam freely outdoors rather than being confined in an enclosure for 24 h each day"



*This image is copyright of its original author



source: Consolee et. al. 2020. Human-Leopard Conflict: An Emerging Issue of North China Leopard Conservation in Tieqiaoshan Provincial Nature Reserve in Shanxi Province, China


Seems Leopards in China have a preference for adult free-ranging Cattle.

The Cattle in China are fairly big.

"Most Chinese dairy cattle (Chinese Black and White) are derived from cross-breeding between the local yellow cattle and Holstein. According to data collected by the CDCA in 1981, in 28 provinces and the autonomous regions of China, adult have a height of 133 cm and weigh 550 kg, while bulls are 150 cm high and weigh 1 020 kg, entirely meeting the breeding programme requirements.

The characteristics of Qinchuan cattle (Figure 2) are a purplish red or red coat, yellowish pink eyes and muzzle, short and full horns, a higher and wider hump for bulls, a short, thick neck and well-developed dewlap. The average height of bulls at the wither is 141.7 cm, with a body weight of 590 kg. The cow stands 124.5 cm high and weighs 380 kg. On national farms, bulls weigh between 800 and 1 000 kg and their height is 145 to 150 cm. The cows have a height of 130 cm and weigh 450 kg"

http://www.fao.org/3/V0600T/v0600T07.htm
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United States Styx38 Offline
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Leopards were reported to prey on Pythons in Asia and Africa.


"The tiger is known to prey on the Indian python, and the leopard on both African and Asian pythons of moderate size"

source: Giant Reptiles(1973) by Sherman A. Minton and  ‎Madge Rutherford Minton 

Of course, now days there are photographs of Leopards killing large Pythons over 4 metres, as well as a few exceeding 5 metres.



Snake was found in Leopard diet in Thailand.

"We also obtained 371 leopard scats and analyzed 356 containing mammal, snake and lizard remains.


Sixteen species of mammals were identified in tiger scats and 14 species of mammals plus a general category of reptiles (e.g. snakes; monitor lizards) were found in leopard scats"

source: Simcharoen et. al. 2018. Tiger and leopard diets in western Thailand: Evidence for overlap and potential consequences


Of course this could be endemic snakes like King Cobra, Pit Viper or the Vine Snake, but Leopards seem to have a preference for Pythons.

So, it would be interesting to see how often Leopards prey on Burmese and Reticulated Pythons.
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