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Hillocks, hills, volcanoes and mountains

United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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( This post was last modified: 05-26-2020, 11:41 PM by BorneanTiger )

Starting a thread for landforms which I'm sure always or regularly catch your attention if you are nearby, with a post about the highest of them all on Earth: Mount Everest

With air pollution levels down during the pandemic, Kathmandu photographer Abhushan Gautam captured a sight that has been shrouded in the city's smog for nearly 50 years — a clear view of Mount Everest: https://www.cbc.ca/radio/asithappens/as-...-1.5580607https://thehill.com/changing-america/sus...-120-miles




   
   
   

Istock: 
   
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United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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( This post was last modified: 05-27-2020, 10:55 AM by BorneanTiger )

In November last year, KLM flight 685 was supposed to fly from Amsterdam to Mexico City, and though the flight ended up taking around 11 hours, as usual, the passengers didn’t end up in Mexico City. Rather they ended up in Amsterdam, right where they started. The Boeing 747-400 operating the flight turned around when it was already over North America, meaning it crossed the Atlantic twice. This was because Mount Popocatépetl or Popōcatepētl (Nahuatl for "Smoking Mountain"), an active stratovolcano in central Mexico erupted, the plane apparently had a cargo of about 2 dozen horses, and diverting to Canada or the USA would have created issues for the passengers, such as the lack of visas upon entry: https://onemileatatime.com/klm-flight-to-nowhere/




Located in the states of Puebla, Morelos and Mexico, in central Mexico, Popocatépetl lies in the eastern half of the Trans-Mexican volcanic belt. At 5,426 m (17,802 ft), it is the second highest peak in Mexico, after Citlaltépetl or Pico de Orizaba: https://volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vn=341090

Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de los Remedios (Church of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios) at Cholula, Puebla State, by Comisión Mexicana de Filmaciones:
   

As viewed from Amecameca in Mexico State, looking south-east, by Alejandro Linares Garcia:
   
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United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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( This post was last modified: 05-27-2020, 11:03 AM by BorneanTiger )

Popocatépetl has a twin to the north which overlooks the Valley of Mexico, that is Iztaccíhuatl or Ixtaccíhuatl (Nahuatl for "White Woman"), or Mujer Dormida (Spanish for "Sleeping Woman"), on the border between the states of Mexico and Puebla, the third highest volcano in Mexico with an altitude of 5,220–5,230 m (17,125.98–17,158.79 ft). Iztaccíhuatl is connected to Popocatépetl by the high saddle known as the "Paso de Cortés", and they are both located in Izta-Popo Zoquiapan National Park, which is named after them: https://web.archive.org/web/201203100239...N=37870244https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley....07/1933367https://simec.conanp.gob.mx/ficha.php?anp=87&=11https://web.archive.org/web/201010272002...ob.mx/sig/

Iztaccíhuatl, as viewed from Amecameca, by Alejandro Linares Garcia:
   

Forshortened view of Iztaccíhuatl (left) and Popocatépetl (right) from the Polanco district of Mexico City, by Jorge Altamirano:
   

Iztaccíhuatl (left) and Popocatépetl (right), by Haakon S. Krohn:
   

There are a number of Aztec-Náhua legends regarding the volcanoes, which surround 2 lovers. One of them is that Iztaccíhuatl was a princess who fell in love with one of her father's warriors, Popocatépetl. The emperor sent Popocatépetl to war in Oaxaca, promising him Iztaccíhuatl as his wife when he returned (which Iztaccíhuatl's father presumed he would not). Iztaccíhuatl was falsely told that Popocatépetl had died in battle, and believing the news, she died of grief. When Popocatépetl returned to find his love dead, he took her body to a spot outside Tenochtitlan and kneeled by her grave. They were then covered with snow, and changed into mountains. Iztaccíhuatl's mountain is called "White Woman" (from Nahuatl iztāc "white" and cihuātl "woman") because it resembles a woman lying on her back, and is often covered with snow — the peak is sometimes nicknamed ''La Mujer Dormida''. Popocatépetl became an active volcano, raining fire on Earth in blind rage at the loss of his beloved: http://www.mexonline.com/history-popo.htmhttps://www.ancient-origins.net/myths-le...end-005779

Mural of Iztaccíhuatl (the woman and the volcano behind her) and Popocatépetl (the male warrior and the volcano behind him) in Ancient Origins:
   
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