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Eurasian brown bears

United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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( This post was last modified: 10-16-2019, 09:16 PM by BorneanTiger )

As mentioned here, Eram Zoo in Tehran, Iran, was founded in the 19th century by the Qajari Shah Naser Ad-Din, who had a collection of 5 bears from Damavand, judging by this Farsi website of Animal Rights Watch. Since the Asiatic black bear ranges from southeast Iran to East Asia, and the Syrian brown bear is present in northern and western Iran, particularly the area of Damavand Mountain or Damavand County in the north, these bears appear to be brown bears rather than black bears:

Brown bears in the vicinity of Mount Damavand in northern Iran: https://www.irandestination.com/hiking-i...d-volcano/

*This image is copyright of its original author


A captive bear which shocked pedestrians in Basrah, southern Iraq, in early 2018: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/...ld-rescue/



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United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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Arosa Bear Sanctuary in Switzerland is home to bears from other European countries which were freed from captivity, one of which is the Serbian bear Nappa, and 2 others being from Albania: https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/new-bears-f...y/44723474



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Australia GreenGrolar Offline
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*This image is copyright of its original author


EURASIAN BROWN BEAR (URSUS ARCTOS ARCTOS) AND PREY

Credited to King Kodiak from Domain of the Bears

http://domainofthebears.proboards.com/thread/265/european-brown-bear?page=3&scrollTo=19978
While big cats are strong and powerful animals which can give bears a good fight at weight parity, it is no shame to admit both a large male brown bear (grizzly and kodiak bear) and polar bear are stronger than any big cat (extinct or extant).
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Switzerland Spalea Offline
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Woods of Finland: fight between two large brown bears.

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United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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( This post was last modified: 11-14-2019, 10:56 PM by BorneanTiger )

The largest brown bear in the Old World is the Kamchatka brown bear of northeast Russia, with weights of up to 650 kg (1,433 lbs) or more for males, and with relatively broad skulls, compared to those of Ussuri and Kodiak brown bears: https://wildfact.com/forum/topic-russian...1#pid94501

Kamchatkan bear near Dvuhyurtochnoe Lake, credit: Robert F. Tobler
   
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United Kingdom Sully Offline
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BEARS IN UKRAINE AREN'T HIBERNATING BECAUSE IT'S TOO WARM, HAVE STARTED SUFFERING FROM 'INSOMNIA'

the hibernation activity of Ukraine's brown bears, conservationists have said.

In a Facebook post, Synevyr National Nature Park in southwest Ukraine said winter is a period when all bears should be dormant. However, in its rehabilitation center, just three are currently hibernating


This "bearish insomnia" is affecting 29 of the 32 bears housed in the center. These animals have spent their entire lives in the park, so their instincts to hibernate poor—however, conservationists say most of the bears fell asleep last year.

They say the air temperature is not low enough for the bears to hibernate.
Temperatures in Synevyr National Nature Park are currently hovering around 4 degrees Celsius, which is above the December average of minus 2.3 degrees Celsius and closer to the April average (6.9 degrees Celsius)⁠—which is around the time they traditionally emerge from hibernation.

The park statement said the region has only experienced one cold week, which is when the three bears managed to enter a state of hibernation. The rest, they say, are "waiting for the frost."


The outside temperature can be an important indicator for bears when it comes to determining when—and for how long—they hibernate.

In the weeks leading up to hibernation, studies have shown the bear's heart rate and body temperature will start to drop and physical activity will decline. As temperatures approach zero and snow arrives, animals find themselves a den to hunker down for the winter. This begins a period of hibernation during the winter months.

According to the National Park Service, the length of time a bear will hibernate varies according to species—ranging from a few days or weeks (black bears in Mexico) to six months plus (brown bears in Alaska.) The process allows them to survive food shortages and snow cover during the winter months, as well as the season's cooler temperatures.

Climate change appears to be altering the behavior of animals like the black bear, which hibernate for shorter periods of time and exit the den earlier when weather is warmer.


For every degree Celsius of winter warming, black bear hibernation decreases by six days—this means "by 2050, the average length of bear hibernation in [Colorado] could decline by 15 to 39 days," scientists wrote in the Journal of Applied Ecology in 2017. They believe similar assumptions can be made about other hibernating animals elsewhere.
"When the tiger stalks the jungle like the lowering clouds of a thunderstorm, the leopard moves as silently as mist drifting on a dawn wind." -Indian proverb
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United Kingdom Sully Offline
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"Nothing says they are saved": defenders of the bear "surprised" by Macron

The President of the Republic assured breeders on Tuesday that the reintroduction of bears, implemented since 2018 in the Pyrenees, was "over".

The announcement made environmental defenders jump: on the move to Pau on Tuesday, Emmanuel Macron guaranteed Pyrenean breeders to stop reintroducing bears in the region until the end of his mandate. A promise that would result in putting aside the bear plan launched in 2018 by the then Minister of Ecological Transition, Nicolas Hulot, and whose term is set for 2028. 


"On this point, he was very clear when he said: 'The reintroductions of bears, it's over. It's recorded and I will write it black on white'," testified Tuesday at L'Express Jean- Pierre Pommiès, breeder in the Ossau valley and one of the leaders of the dispute concerning the reintroduction of the animal in the region. The president would also have responded to the recurrent request of the breeders to "withdraw from the massif" certain plantigrades already present "having attacked sheep". "On this point, he was more vague, referring to subsequent discussions with senior officials," said Jean-Pierre Pommiès.  

Promises that delight opponents of the mammal, who accuse the animal of being responsible for the death of hundreds of sheep in 2019. A "nonsense", on the other hand, for Gérard Caussimont, naturalist specializing in brown bears and president of the eco-pastoral intervention fund of the bear Pyrenees group.  



A decision "too fast"
On the form, the naturalist first criticizes Emmanuel Macron for having only listened to a bell: "It is surprising to learn that such measures were announced without associations of nature protection not have had the opportunity to provide contradictory information. Is the message sent that radical actions must be taken to be heard? "he asked. But above all, Gérard Caussimont accuses the president of taking "decisions too quick, which do not belong to him completely".  

The bear plan launched in 2018 provides for "the introduction of about twenty bears for ten years" in the region, so that the population of specimens in the Pyrenean massif is reliable. "For this to be the case, this population must be self-sufficient with a probability of extinction over 50 years of less than 5%," explains the naturalist. "To verify the population dynamics of the animal, an evaluation is supposed to be carried out every two years. Every four years, another evaluation is made to analyze these data and the interactions of the animal with human activity ", he specifies. 

For him, "as long as these social and scientific assessments are not made, it is not up to Emmanuel Macron to know whether or not to release bears, where, when, and why". According to Gérard Caussimont, "nothing says that they have been saved for the moment. Stopping the reintroduction of the species in France is perhaps putting it in danger".  

"The conservation of the brown bear is essential"
"The possible consequences of this judgment are for the moment theoretical", nuance François Moutou, epidemiologist and honorary president of the French Society for the study and protection of mammals . "It is not impossible that the quarantine of specimens currently at large will be maintained and developed, but this is not guaranteed. In 2013, a report commissioned by the National Museum of Natural History showed that depending on certain hazards, such as the fact that there may be more males than females, accidents, diseases, inbreeding, this fragile population can to be put in danger ", he explains to L'Express." And for all these reasons, it is better to continue to reintroduce the 20 or so bears mentioned in the report, rather than not to do so ".  

"The population is extremely small in terms of numbers, and everything must be done to ensure its sustainability," says Florian Kirchner, in charge of the species program within the International Union for the Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ). "The brown bear is even placed in the red list of endangered species in France, and that is why its conservation is essential".  

In 2012, the weakness of the Ursine population in the Pyrenean mountains had even resulted in France giving the European Commission a notice for failing to meet its animal protection obligations in the region. "France has obligations towards the European Union. If we allow the bear population to decrease, and we are not living up to our commitments, we could be sanctioned by the organization", warns Gérard Caussimont.  

Support from public authorities for breeders
For Florian Kirchner, the right solution thus lies in a phenomenon of balance: "It would be good to continue strengthening the population of these animals, but in this case, very strong support from the public authorities must be put in place to support the The conservation of the animal must be thought of taking into account the cohabitation between the species and the inhabitants, as well as the activities in mountain, in particular the breeding, "he underlines.  

A bet already half-successful: beyond the breeders, the populations concerned seem rather seduced by the plantigrade. In 2018, an IFOP survey integrated into Nicolas Hulot's plan indicated that 46% of the inhabitants of the western Pyrenees were in favor of keeping the animal in the region. 
"When the tiger stalks the jungle like the lowering clouds of a thunderstorm, the leopard moves as silently as mist drifting on a dawn wind." -Indian proverb
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United Arab Emirates BorneanTiger Offline
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#8

Finland:



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United Kingdom Sully Offline
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Ariège: The number of sheep killed because of the bear has doubled in one year
UPDATED ON 24/01/20 AT 6.15 P.M.
The official figures for the damage caused by the bear in Ariège have fallen. With over 1,100 “compensated” ewes, the damage to sheep has almost doubled


A dog, four goats, 14 horses, 32 cows, 29 hives and, above all, 1,129 sheep. This is what we could call the "hunting table" of bears in Ariège for the 2019 season. These figures, made public this Friday by the prefecture , in fact identify the dead animals for which the breeders were compensated by the 'State, and therefore cases where the technicians were able to prove that the deaths occurred following the passage of a plantigrade.

It is the number of sheep compensated which strikes the most: it goes from 625 in 2018 to 1,129 therefore. And he understands the three derailments of the year in Ariège, these phenomena of panic of herds which cause the simultaneous fall of a large number of animals at the foot of a cliff.

The President's Promise
This assessment sheds new light on the promise made by Emmanuel Macron to the shepherds last week, during his visit to Pau. He undertook not to reintroduce bears in the Pyrenees before the end of his mandate. And even to possibly dismiss those who are the most aggressive.

The Ursine population of the Pyrenees, which now sees cubs being born each year, is estimated at around forty individuals.
"When the tiger stalks the jungle like the lowering clouds of a thunderstorm, the leopard moves as silently as mist drifting on a dawn wind." -Indian proverb
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