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Brazil Matias Offline
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( This post was last modified: 10-08-2018, 05:52 PM by Rishi )

This topic is open to anyone who can tell a good story.


This video tells the story of Bubye Valley Conservancy,a private development that was able to revert an entire environmental degradation caused by livestock, where wildlife was exhausted, without major predators and very few herbivores, a fantastic recovery. They are 374,000 hectares, fenced, where animal life presents its splendor. They have close to 500 lions (the largest wild population in Zimbabwe). The largest rhinoceros population in this country - the fourth largest in the world. For the government Bubye works as a faithful trustee of the rhinos, due to the effectiveness of their protection. When Cecil was shot in 2015, this venture was relatively threatened, the tourist flow receded and maintaining a structure of this size required permanent funding. The shock wave was not welcome. As much as the vast majority desire the end of the trophy hunting, it is desirable to know some aspects where legitimate implements are found and their importance in the pluralized aspect of existence, recovery and sustainable use of natural resources. The University of Oxford (WildCRU) has had and has ongoing academic projects - researchers are pursuing master's and doctoral theses here.


A history of resilience and recovery, at that time, unprecedented. As the future unfolds, such ventures will be essential for ecosystem recovery. As a private enterprise aimed at profit trophy hunting and the sale of game meat was its financial booster. Today, there are some areas for non-consumptive tourism, and the more visitors come, the more possibilities open up for hunting blocks to be converted into photographic spaces. Many think not to visit hunting grounds ... yet the reasoning is the opposite. The need to implement a model that works and promotes wildlife and the recovery of its habitat is increasingly essential - the holistic view. Know the problem and develop strategies capable of developing, promoting and competently managing conservation, without dogmas and other inhibiting aspects.







Page Link: https://www.bubyevalleyconservation.com/
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Brazil Matias Offline
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( This post was last modified: 09-22-2018, 09:18 AM by Rishi )

Vicuña's population recovery is widely recognized as a result of the government's decision to allow communities to directly benefit from its sustainable use. When acquiring commercial value the vicuna had sealed its destiny. Any species framed in this context does not end to extinction. Many use the vicuna's example as a model for other species to have the same fate, ensuring their survival, and notably the rhinoceros is one of them. Given as a milestone - from 5,000 to 200,000 animals - is one of the greatest stories of modern conservation.
Park ranger

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How a national reserve stopped the extinction of the Peruvian vicuña

Today, there are 200,000 vicuñas in the Andean regions of Peru, and Pampa Galeras National Reserve alone is home to 5,000 vicuñas.
by Vanessa Romo on 17 September 2018 | Translated by Sarah Engel
 
Mongabay Series: Global Forests

  • In the 1960s, the total number of vicuñas in Peru was approximately 5,000.
  • The community of Lucanas was able to overcome violence from internal armed conflicts, and now those in the community use vicuña fur from Pampa Galeras National Reserve.
  • Every year, the Lucanas community exports 1,000 kilograms (about 2,200 pounds) of vicuña fur.
  • The National Service of Natural Protected Areas (SERNANP) will give a “green seal” to the fur sheared off the vicuñas by the community for their outstanding conservation practices.
LUCANAS PROVINCE, Peru — At an altitude of 13,450 feet, the icy wind pounds whatever lies in its path. After 23 years of living in the Pampa Galeras – Barbara D’Achille National Reserve, Hernán Sosaya is well-adjusted and can withstand the blustering wind.

At the top of a plain, a vicuña (Vicugna vicugnanotices) and a cousin to llamas, sees that we are only a few feet away and raises its head.

“You can recognize the male because it’s always at the front of the herd, attentively watching for danger,” says Sosaya. The male vicuña starts to move away and the rest of the group trots along behind him.

The park rangers at Pampa Galeras, like Sosaya, are experts at monitoring vicuñas. Every day, they are monitored within the park, which is 40 square miles and located in the district of Lucanas in Peru’s Ayacucho region. With more than 5,000 vicuñas currently living in the protected area, monitoring them has not been easy.

Allan Flores, the manager of the reserve, put this into perspective with this piece of data: in the 1960s, there were about 5,000 vicuñas living in the entire country of Peru.

Back then, throughout the entire Ayacucho region, including the reserve, there were only about 1,000 vicuñas. Sosaya says that a research project on the vicuña was begun in the 1960s in collaboration with German researchers, and the South American camelid was listed as endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List. One of the actions taken to conserve the species was the creation of a reserve to help the animals in danger. That was how Galeras, as the reserve is referred to locally, was created.the late 1960s, the vicuña was listed as endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List. After hard work to conserve the species, it is now under the “least concern” category. Photo by Vanessa Romo for Mongabay Latam.
As we walked down the road, groups of vicuñas fed on the grass and turned to look at us with curiosity. Their currently tranquil state was achieved after years of effort: first, the poaching of the area’s vicuñas had to be stopped.

The animals were hunted illegally because their fur could be sold for up to $1,000 per kilogram (about 2.2 pounds). In addition to poaching, violence from terrorism in the area also threatened the vicuñas. Because of these challenges, Sosaya appreciates that those helping the vicuñas have since been fortunate. Today, there are 200,000 vicuñas living in Peru’s Andean region.

Pampa Galeras, the survivor

 “Next time, we’re coming back for you, buddy,” is a phrase Sosaya will never forget hearing when he was only 12 years old. It was how terrorists from the guerilla group known as the “Shining Path” warned him that his time had come. Lucanas, like other districts in Ayacucho, was hit hard during the armed conflict.

According to the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission, 227 people were killed in the war between 1980 and 1994. In his house in Pampahuasi, in Lucanas, Sosaya recounted that his family lived in fear because other people had already been murdered in 1983, when Sosaya himself was threatened. Sadly, two of Sosaya’s family members have been killed in the conflict: his mother and his three-year-old brother.t down the offices at Pampa Galeras National Reserve because of terrorist attacks by the guerrilla organization “Shining Path.” Various buildings were destroyed in the attacks, and today they still stand as a reminder. Photo by Vanessa Romo for Mongabay Latam.
Until 1994, those living in Lucanas had to stay in constant motion in order to stay alive. That was the only way to avoid being trapped by the Shining Path or by the Peruvian armed forces. Every time Sosaya travels to Lucanas, he remembers the makeshift bed that he made with his father in a cave in the mountains there. The rest of the time, he lives at Pampa Galeras, which is about an hour away from his house.

Pampa Galeras is also a survivor of the war.

In 1988, the main base and the control checkpoints of the protected area —the third oldest in Peru— were shut down and the employees were evacuated. However, by that year, the vicuña’s lifespan and gestation period had been established. The information obtained during that period of research was later used to repopulate other areas with vicuñas.

Six years later, when the team of park rangers was able to return, only half of the vicuñas remained in the reserve. “We don’t have the exact number [of vicuñas] that were unharmed because the censuses didn’t return until the late 1990s,” says Reino Joyo. With 41 years at the reserve, he has more experience than most of the country’s park rangers, and was also an eyewitness to the violence in the reserve.

“It was sad leaving and sad coming back,” says Joyo. The reserve’s employees had to start over from almost zero. That was when the real connection between the district of Lucanas and Pampa Galeras began. The connection grew stronger after the signing of an agreement with the Peruvian government, which authorized the rural community to play a role in the conservation of the vicuña and to use their fur.

With the work of the community’s farmers and the reserve’s park rangers, the current vicuña population was reached. There are also an additional 10,000 vicuñas living in the reserve’s buffer zone. The vicuña fur industry has even become a profitable activity for the residents of Lucanas to take part in.
ay Latam.
Teamwork

On May 23, 2017, Pampa Galeras National Reserve celebrated its 50-year anniversary. Corina Rojas, president of the farming community of Lucanas, also turned 50 years old. She says that these are the “designs of destiny.”

As she sat at her desk in her office, Rojas called Pampa Galeras a blessing. She was born in Lucanas when it was common to own a vicuña as a pet. “Some people even had a leoncito (small Andean puma) in their yards; we took care of them as if they were dogs,” says Rojas. Preventing their pets from being indiscriminately captured was difficult.

Rojas smiled as she described all she has accomplished this year in her position. She has managed to increase the salaries of the employees dedicated to shearing the vicuñas’ fur to $410.

Rojas also resumed business with Loro Piana, an exclusive Italian fabric company that is now the community’s main buyer of vicuña fur. She continued smiling as she described all the work she did to liberate 500 kilograms (1,100 pounds) of vicuña fur that were seized two years ago due to a paperwork issue.
Latam.
“It wasn’t because of a lack of certification,” she clarified. The farming community of Lucanas is one of the few places in Peru that has a certificate of origin. Since 2012, there has also been an agreement between Lucanas and Peru’s National Forestry and Wildlife Agency that allows residents to sell vicuña fur under the brand name “Vicuña Perú.” This was a requirement imposed by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITIES) for the countries that sell raw vicuña fur, such as Bolivia and Argentina.

Víctor Cotrina, an engineer and the manager of the community’s vicuña project, says that this agreement will be valid until 2021. “That is important because market prices began to fall due to the commercialization of illegally-sourced vicuña fur,” says Cotrina. This way, the government can guarantee the traceability and legality of the fur.

There are about 210 people in the community who divide the work to obtain the anxiously-awaited fur. The work begins with a group of 20 to 30 people who participate in “the chaco,” an ancestral custom that ends with the capture and shearing of the vicuñas. This is done between May and November, but the main date is June 24, which is known as “Farmer’s Day” in Peru.

“Here, we can capture up to 500 vicuñas, but after setting aside the ones who are sick, pregnant, or very small, we can only shear the fur off of about 150 of them,” says Reino Joyo. Although the community is in charge of the shearing, the park rangers have lots of experience in it as well. “We were the ones who trained the community members,” agreed Sosaya.

After the chaco, the fur needs to be cleaned. This task is predominantly performed by the women. Magaly, who has been doing this work for 16 years, believes that women are born with fingertips that are already well-adapted to the task, which requires lots of finesse and precision.

At a table underneath bright white lights and using a dish of grease, the women can clean up to one kilogram (about 2.2 pounds) of fur per month, which they can sell for about $302. Because of her seniority, Magaly has permission to clean the fur at her farm while taking care of her cattle. She believes that the price is not fair. “If we could make hats or make clothes with this fur, we would make more income,” she says.rge of cleaning the vicuña fur before it is sent to Lima. The fur is later sent to various countries with a demand for it, like Italy. Photo by Vanessa Romo for Mongabay Latam.
Cotrina, the engineer, says that the increase in the amount of vicuña fur produced in Peru and elsewhere in Latin America has caused a decrease in its price. One kilogram (about 2.2 pounds) of fur used to be valued at $500, but now it is only sold for about $390. Additionally, there was a setback when those in the vicuña fur industry lost their agreement with Loro Piana, the Italian company that had guaranteed them a stable price until 2023 and had also been their main buyer. “With this new leadership, we have resumed business, but we are planning to have a national clothing industry,” says Cotrina.

In the international market, Loro Piana can sell a bag of vicuña fur for $15,213. Rojas, the president of the farming community of Lucanas, plans to lay the foundations to buy machinery that would allow the community to produce clothing with the fur. “People from the Ministry of Production arrived last year to train us, but the plan was paralyzed with the political changes,” says Rojas. In her opinion, the use of resources from Pampa Galeras should go beyond vicuña fur.

The future of Lucanas and Pampa Galeras

Pampa Galeras National Reserve’s potential in terms of landscape and tourism is based on the abundance of vicuñas, guanacos (another camelid similar to the vicuña), condors, forests filled with trees of the genus Polylepis, and prehistoric and pre-Incan remains, such as cave paintings. A common theme of those cave paintings is, of course, the vicuña.

In light of this, the farming community of Lucanas has planned to construct lodging accommodations in front of Pampa Galeras, and the community members plan to be in charge of the electricity and communications for the reserve. Even today, after 50 years, they are still not in charge of these services.

Flores, the manager of the reserve, told Mongabay Latam that although there is a large group of people interested in seeing Galeras, the infrastructure capable of receiving large groups of people doesn’t exist at the moment. “We register 3,600 visitors per year now because we have few rooms in the reserve’s headquarters,” said Flores. He added that entrance is currently free because a concrete plan for visits has not yet been developed.

Meanwhile, there are other urgent issues to consider. After the eradication of poachers within the reserve, the main cause of death for vicuñas is crossing the Interoceanic Highway in search of water and pastures. “We have placed signs signaling that speed needs to be reduced in areas where the vicuñas travel, but we still have at least three deaths per month,” says Mily Cárdenas, the reserve’s youngest ranger. As part of the community’s agreement, Rojas says that they have been adding new sources of natural water within the protected area to try to prevent the vicuñas from crossing the highway.
Latam.
With this type of action, along with a recent update in their vicuña management plan, the community has earned the attention of the National Service of Natural Protected Areas (SERNANP). The community will be the first to receive the title “Conservation Allies” and earn the “green seal.” Flores, the reserve’s manager, believes that this recognition will allow them to increase the price of their fur by at least $100 per kilogram, which means that they could earn another $500 in international markets.

“We want Pampa Galeras to be the pilot program of this green seal — a certification that guarantees that a product is obtained under high environmental standards,” says Flores. The goal is to transfer this seal to all the rest of the resources that are obtained from Peruvian protected areas.

Two vicuñas have been staying inside the reserve’s headquarters for the last few months, where they are being protected by park rangers. Their work involves ensuring that the reserve’s vicuñas are always part of a herd. If a young vicuña is found alone, the park rangers take care of it until it is slightly older and can join a new herd.

“We have to give milk to Nenita,” Sosaya reminds Cárdenas. Like all the tasks at the reserve, they take turns feeding the young vicuña they rescued. The office’s chalkboard has a feeding schedule for Nenita, who is fed about four times per day. Cárdenas prepares the feeding bottle and walks toward the young vicuña.

She is named Nenita because Nena is the name of another vicuña who came to the reserve before she did, who will soon return to life in the wild. Nenita drinks every last drop of milk, and Cárdenas pets her for a few seconds.

“We have to be careful not to domesticate her,” she says. For everyone involved —park rangers and community members— it’s clear that she should no longer be in captivity. The vicuña, the Peruvian national animal displayed proudly on the nation’s flag, has always deserved to be free.


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k ranger Mily Cárdenas with a young rescued vicuña. Every day, vicuñas are carefully watched over at Pampa Galeras National Reserve. Photo by Vanessa Romo for Mongabay Latam.

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Brazil Matias Offline
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A Garden of Eden called Zakouma National Park



Zakouma National Park in Chad is one of Africa’s most remarkable stories of transformation. Between 2002 to 2010, 95% of the parks’ elephants were poached – almost 4,000 were slaughtered for their ivory, and poachers would often take out multiple family units at the same time. Not only were they destroying the parks wildlife, they were wreaking havoc on local people too. In 2010, African Parks, on invitation by the Chadian Government, signed a long-term agreement to manage Zakouma and stop the bloodshed. Our first step was to overhaul law enforcement, but it wasn’t for the faint of heart.

In 2012, six of our rangers were gunned down execution-style during their morning prayers. But our rangers, with their indomitable spirits, didn’t give up. Because of their efforts and effective community work, only 24 known elephants have been lost to poaching since 2010. Along with providing law enforcement, we built ‘Elephant Schools’ for local communities, providing desks, blackboards and teachers’ salaries, helping more than 1,500 children get an education. We built airstrips, and VHF radios were installed so community members could contact our control room with information about any illegal activity. People were employed to help manage the park, making Zakouma one of the largest employers in the region. With law enforced and security reclaimed, tourists began to visit, delivering needed revenue back to the park and local communities.

With peace restored to the region, something miraculous happened. Elephants were able to be elephants once again, and for the first time in years, they began to breed and raise their young. In early 2018, we counted 103 calves under the age of three. In 2011, we counted one. The elephant population has now surpassed 559 individuals and are on the rise for the first time in a decade. In October 2017, we doubled our footprint around Zakouma by signing an MoU with the Government to manage the Greater Zakouma Ecosystem, which includes Siniaka Minia Faunal Reserve and other critical wildlife corridors.We’ve come a long way since 2010. The story of Zakouma is of a park rising from the ashes and becoming an unlikely tale of redemption, for people and animals alike.

Greater Zakouma Ecosystem covers an expansive 30,693 km2, of which 7,692 km2 includes Zakouma National Park (3,049 km2) and Siniaka Mania Faunal Reserve (4,643 km2). Both of these protected areas fall under the direct management of African Parks. This ecosystem, which is situated just south of the Sahara Desert and above the fertile rainforest regions, comprises of critical conservation areas for key species in Central Africa. The total area impacted by the expanded management agreement also includes Bahr-Salamat (13,000 km2) and adjoining wildlife corridors (10,000 km2).

Highlights
 
  • Zakouma was declared a national park in 1963 by Presidential Decree, giving it the highest form of protection available under the laws of Chad.
  • Within two years of taking over management, African parks entirely halted elephant poaching within the extended elephant range.
  • Today the elephant population of Zakouma is on the rise, with new-born calves being observed from mid-2013 onwards and the population now exceeds 550 individuals.
  • Other species in the park are also increasing in number, including the kordofan giraffe (of which 50% of their global population is found in Zakouma), roan antelope and Lelwel’s hartebeest. The park’s buffalo population, reduced to about 220 animals in 1986, numbers over 10,000 today.
  • Satellite collars have been fitted to elephant herds, allowing the park management team to monitor them and deploy field patrols accordingly.
  • In 2018, a partnership between the governments of Chad and the South Africa enabled African Parks to translocate a founder population of six black rhinos to Zakouma, hailing the return of the species after almost half a century of its absence.
  • Communities work with the park to ensure the protection of wildlife. By extending the park’s communication network to villages, the flow of information has been improved so that communities can notify park authorities of any suspicious activity or threats.
  • Zakouma is one of the biggest employers in the regions of Salamat and Guera and provides additional opportunities for local income generation through the local procurement of park and tourist camp supplies.
  • The community outreach visits arranged by the park ensured that about 3,500 Chadian children and villagers visited the park in 2017.
  • A number of new schools, called Elephant Schools, have been built in areas within the elephant migration zone and in 2017, and more than 1,200 children received educations from Zakouma-supported schools.
  • The park’s Tinga Camp, Camp Nomade and Camp Salamat have seen an influx of local and international tourists, providing local employment and trade opportunities.
Link: https://www.africanparks.org/the-parks/zakouma


All of these photographs belong to Mr. John Weir -  tourist who visited Zakouma in February / 2018.


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Note: These images are just a glimpse of the fauna that is here. Also present are the serval, caracal, leopard, spotted hyena, wild cat. An unbelievable diversity of birds commonly compared to the Pantanal Brasilieiro. Who would suspect that in Central Africa there would be such a place. All this is a reflection of the excellent work of the African Parks NGO. "Lord Derby's eland may be next in the list to be translocated"

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India Rishi Offline
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Nothing conclusive but as far as environment is concerned, if it isn't bad news that's good news



"Everything not saved will be lost."

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