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Measurements (Size, Length) [Wolves]

Canada TheNormalGuy Offline
Wolf Enthusiast
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#1
( This post was last modified: 05-04-2020, 02:14 AM by TheNormalGuy )

Here are the wolves we can post size about (We won't talk about dingoes and dogs sizes).

Please be serious and post informative stuff.

 1. Canis lupus arctos (The Arctic wolf)



*This image is copyright of its original author

Distribution : North of Canada, Alaska and Greenland

Medium-sized subspecie

Subspecies Attributed in 1935

Main Preys : Muskox and Arctic Hare

Physical description will be added later 

2. [i]Canis lupus hudsonicus (The Hudson Bay Wolf)[/i]


*This image is copyright of its original author

Distribution : Hudson Bay, Canada

Subspecie attributed in 1941

Medium sized subspecie

Physical description will be added later 

3. Canis lupus ligoni (The Alexander Archipelago Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Distribution : Alexander Archipelago, Alaska

Subspecies attributed in 1937

Small sized subspecies

Average weights : 14-23 kg (30 to 50 lbs)

Length  : About 3 12 ft (1.1 m) long 

Height : 2 ft (0.61 m) tall at the shoulder.

Mains preys : Sitka Black-Tailed Deer and American Beaver 

An average wolf of this subspecie eat an average on 26 deer per year (Cook, Dawson & McDonald 2007)

Salmon (15-25 % of their diet) helps pup survivorship (90 % of the pups survive youth, one of the highest in the wolf subspecies) (Woodford 2009)

4. Canis lupus manningi (The Baffin Island Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Distribution : Baffin Island, Canada

Considered as the smallest of the arctic subspecies of the grey wolf

Attributed in 1943

5. Canis lupus orion (Greenland wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Distribution : Greenland

Number : 55 individuals (90 % of the population) were counted in the Northeast Greenland National Park in 1998

Attributed in 1935

Based on 5 animals caught in 1906 :

Average length : 155 cm

Average weight : 26 kg (51 lbs)

Preys : hares, seals pups, seal, observation accounts of wolf pairs taking muskox calves

6. Canis lupus tundrarum (Alaskan Tundra Wolf or The Barren Ground Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Large subspecie on the Arctic Coast of Northern Alaska attributed in 1912

7. Canis lupus pambasileus (Interior Alaskan Wolf or Yukon Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author
 

(Wolf in Denali National Park, Alaska)

Distribution : Alaska (USA), Yukon , British Columbia and Northwest Territories (Canada)

Attributed in 1905

Average height : 85 cm (33.5 in)

Average weight : 37 kg (82 lbs) for females and 43 kg (95 lbs) for males

Max weight range : 55 kg (121 lbs)

Record : 69.4 kg (153 lbs)  [Well it was 175 lbs with a full belly]

(Young, Stanley P.; Goldman, Edward A.) (1944)

Lifespan : 4-12 years with 10 years as normality

Average pack size  : 7-9

Average wolf pup by litter : 4-6 

About 5000 lives in yukon only

Preys in order of priority : Moose, woodland Caribou and Dall Sheep

A pack usually kill a moose every 5-6 days 

8. Canis lupus columbianus (British Columbia Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Distribution : Vancouver to Alexander Archipelago, Alaska

Attributed in 1941

More information later on this subspecie

9. Canis lupus crassodon (Vancouver Island Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Pack sizes : 5-20 

Estimated remaining wild individuals : 150

Medium sized subspecies

Height : 26 to 32 inches 

Length : 4 to 5 feet from the tip of the nose to tail

Weight : average 60 lbs (25-30 kg)

Can be grey, black, brown or pure white

Seafood compose 90 % of their diets

10. Canis lupus labradorius (Labrador Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Native to my homeland (Quebec) and Labrador (Newfoundland)

Attributed in 2005

Seems very rare

11. Canis lupus mackenzii (Mackenzie River Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Attributed in 1943 but described in 1908

Distribution : Canadian Northwest Territories

Not much is known 

12. Canis lupus irremotus (Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Native to the Canadian Rocky Mountains 

attributed in 1937

Generally weigh between 32 to 68 kg (70-150 lbs)

Stand between 26 and 32 inches high

These physical traits makes it one of the largest wolf subspecies

Primary preys include : Bison, Elk, Rocky Mountain Mule Deer, Beaver

Were exterminated of Yellowstone (the last Yellowstone native wolf of this subspecie was shot in 1924)

13. Canis lupus lycaon (Eastern Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

(Credit : Michael Runtz)

My other and main wolf of my region (Quebec)

Range include the Great Lakes and Southeastern Canada 

2 type of this subspecies exist : The Greater lake wolf (Larger) and the Algonquin Wolf (Smaller)

This wolf is the wolf whom cross-breed with coyotes

Its physical appearance is the likes a very very large coyote with a bulkier body, stronger legs and with rounder ears and nose than the eastern coyote

Edit : In fact the eastern coyote is the hybrid between that wolf subspecies and a coyote

It primarily preys on White-Tailed Deer, sometimes moose and beavers opportunistically

Is the first described american subspecies of grey wolf (1775)

Size is between a coyote and the larger wolf subspecies : 23 kg for females and 32 kg for males

Lives for 4 to 15 years

Territory size for a pack : 115-180 square km 

It was discovered in 1963, that this subspecies answered human howls imitations.

*. Canis lupus rufus or Canis lupus (Is now considered a distinct species) (I won't describe it)

14. Canis lupus baileyi (Mexican Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

As of 2017, they are 143 mexican wolves in the wild

Mexico, Arizona, New Mexico

Main prey : The Coue's Deer (A very small subspecies of white-tailed deer)

15. Canis lupus occidentalis (The Northwestern Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Above is the prettiest wolf [In my opinion] you can ever have the chance to look at (Yellowstone Wolf : Post-Reintroduction to the Park)

Also referred to The Mackenzie Valley Wolf or The Timber Wolf

Alaska, British Columbia, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Washington, Oregon, Wisconsin

One of the three largest subspecies. The biggest in North America

average males weigh between 45 to 66 kg  (99 to 145 lbs)

Both sexes are between 68 and 91.5 cm (26.8 and 36.0 in) tall at the shoulder.

They feed on anything they want to feed on  : Bison, Elk, Moose, White-Tailed Deer, Mule Deer, Caribou, etc.

Less preferred preys include pronghorns (in Yellowstone) and large carnivorans (Bears, cougar, lynx)

The are a key species to the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (See How Wolves Changed Rivers video)

Second oldest subspecies of the America (1829)


European and Asians Subspecies  :

16. Canis lupus albus (Tundra Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Scandinavian subspecies (Finland to Russia)

described in 1792

average lengths for both sexes is 112-118 to 137 cm (44 to 54 in)

Average weight between 40 and 49 kg (88-108 lbs)

Biggest weighed 52 kg

Caribou/reindeer were present in 93.1 % of 74 wolf's stomachs 

Heptner, V. G. & Naumov, N., P. (1998)

17. Canis lupus campestris (Steppe Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

inhabit the Caucasian Regions

35-40 kg (77 to 88 lbs)

preys on caspian seals (* notable prey*)

18. Canis lupus chanco (Mongolian Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Described in 1863

Mongolia, China, Korea, Ussuri region, 

The prominent Russian zoologist, Vladimir Georgievich Heptner, described Mongolian wolves from the Ussuri region of Russia as follows:

Quote:Dimensions are not large – like C. l. desertorum, or somewhat larger, but markedly smaller than the Siberian forest wolves. Coloration is dirty gray, frosted with a weak admixture of ocherous color and without pale-yellow or chestnut tones. The fur is coarse and stiff.
Total body length of males 93 cm (37 in) – 158 cm (62 in);
Tail length 30 cm (12 in) – 40 cm (16 in)
Hind foot length 16 cm (6.3 in) – 24 cm (9.4 in)
Ear height 10 cm (3.9 in) – 14.5 cm (5.7 in)
Shoulder height 58 cm (23 in) – 89 cm (35 in)
Weight 26 kg (57 lb) – 37 kg (82 lb). 

Total body length of females 90 cm (35 in) – 109 cm (43 in)
Tail length 30 cm (12 in) – 40 cm (16 in)
Hind foot length 16 cm (6.3 in) – 23 cm (9.1 in)
Ear height 9.5 cm (3.7 in) – 13 cm (5.1 in)
Shoulder height 57 cm (22 in) – 75 cm (30 in)
Weight 22 kg (49 lb) – 30 kg (66 lb).
19. Canis lupus filchneri (Tibetan Wolf)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Described in 1907

Tibetan plateaux (China)

Hodgson (1847) described his type specimen as follows:
Quote:
Wolf with long sharp face, elevated brows, broad head, large pointed ears, thick woolly pilage, and very full brush of medial length. Above, dull earthy-brown; below, with the entire face and limbs yellowish-white. No marks on the limbs. Tail concolorous with the body, that is brownish above and yellowish below, and no dark tip.


Length 45 in (110 cm).

Height 30 in (76 cm).

This animal is found all over Tibet.
20. Canis lupus pallipes (Indian Wolf)

*This image is copyright of its original author
Described in 1831
It typically preys on antelopes, rodents, and hares.
It usually hunts in pairs when targeting antelopes, with one wolf acting as a decoy while the other attacks from behind.
 The range of the Indian wolf overlaps with the golden jackal, sloth bear, leopard, brown bear, Asiatic lion and tiger.
Between the Tibetan and the Arabian Wolf in size

21. Canis lupus arabs (Arabian Wolf)

*This image is copyright of its original author
Described in 1934
Is the smallest wolf of the world
Desert-adapted animal
It stands on average 25–26 inches (64–66 cm) at shoulder height (Lopez, B. 2004) and the adult weighs an average of 45 pounds (20.41 kg). 
Diet : mainly rodents and hares, small ungulates 

22. Canis lupus lupus (Eurasian wolf)

*This image is copyright of its original author
All europe in the past, now most countries of europe
Largest european subspecies reaching 39 kg  (86 lbs) on average
Freak specimens, if real, up to 69-80 kg (152-176 lbs)
All ungulates of europe fall in theirs diets : ibexes, moose, reindeer, elk, chamois, roe, fallow, red deer, argali, mouflon, saiga, wisent, etc...
Wild boars are also preyed regularly
Adults from Russia measure 105–160 centimetres (41–63 in) in length, 80–85 centimetres (31–33 in) in shoulder height, and weigh on average 32–50 kilograms (71–110 lb), with a maximum weight of 69–80 kilograms (152–176 lb).
Heptner, V. G. & Naumov, N., P. (1998)
Italian wolves body length ranges between 110–148 cm, while shoulder height is 50–70 cm.

up to 17 variations (sub-subpecies or variants) are known

23. Canis lupus dingo (Dingo)

24. Canis lupus Familiaris (Domestic Dog)



*This image is copyright of its original author

Source : Wikipedia (Subspecies of Wolves)

*Note* : The 80 kg for the eurasian wolves are wolves with full bellies. It maximal weight range would be 70 kg.
"The Science of Life is a superb and dazzlingly lighted hall which may be reached only by passing through a long and ghastly kitchen". - Claude Bernard
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Canada TheNormalGuy Offline
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#2

(04-22-2014, 06:45 AM)peter Wrote: Here's a few weights and measurements of Vancouver Island wolves:



*This image is copyright of its original author


 

 

Here others information from one of @GuateGojira posts :

average : 25-55 kg (55-120 lbs), 5-6 ft long (120 cm (1m20) to 180 cm (1m80), 66-81 cm tall at the shoulder (26-32 inches)
average male : 40 kg (88 lbs)
average female : 38 kg (83 lbs)
Average Mexican Wolf : 27-41 kg (60-90 lbs), 135-198 cm (53-78 inches)
Average Red Wolf : 18-36 kg (40-80 lbs), 4-5 and a half ft (120-170 cm) 
This is the source, from 1998:


*This image is copyright of its original author



*This image is copyright of its original author


@Wolverine 


*This image is copyright of its original author
"The Science of Life is a superb and dazzlingly lighted hall which may be reached only by passing through a long and ghastly kitchen". - Claude Bernard
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India Ashutosh Online
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#3
( This post was last modified: 05-04-2020, 04:27 AM by Ashutosh )

There is a push to declare a new species of wolves - Himalayan Wolf - as they diverged from other wolf nearly 700,000 years ago making them the oldest lineage of modern wolves. They live in family units of small packs upto 5 and are larger in size than Indian grey wolves. Range includes India, Nepal and Tibet.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/21/himalayan-wolf-lopes-recognition-species-oxygen-protection

   
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Canada TheNormalGuy Offline
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#4


Abstract :

Weights of 118 females and 141 male Minnesota wolves (Canis lupus) aged 2-24 months increased almost linearly from about 8 kg for females and 10 kg for males at 3 months to 30 kg for females and 32 kg for males at 10-12 months and then tended to increase much more slowly in an overall curvilinear trend. Considerable variations was apparent for both sexes during their first year.
"The Science of Life is a superb and dazzlingly lighted hall which may be reached only by passing through a long and ghastly kitchen". - Claude Bernard
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Canada TheNormalGuy Offline
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#5

Say hello the first wolves brought back to Yellowstone ! (1995-1996) (With their weight at release)


*This image is copyright of its original author

Source : Yellowstone Wolf Project Annual Report 1995-1996
"The Science of Life is a superb and dazzlingly lighted hall which may be reached only by passing through a long and ghastly kitchen". - Claude Bernard
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Canada TheNormalGuy Offline
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#6

I made this table !

@Copyright Christophe Boucher, May 4th 2020 !

Mine is : Please ask before using. And if you use my table (divided in 3 parts), please keep my signature (well the author [me])

   
   
   
"The Science of Life is a superb and dazzlingly lighted hall which may be reached only by passing through a long and ghastly kitchen". - Claude Bernard
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Brazil Dark Jaguar Offline
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#7
( This post was last modified: 05-05-2020, 03:09 AM by Dark Jaguar )

(05-04-2020, 02:35 AM)TheNormalGuy Wrote:
(04-22-2014, 06:45 AM)peter Wrote: Here's a few weights and measurements of Vancouver Island wolves:



*This image is copyright of its original author


 

 

Here others information from one of @GuateGojira posts :

average : 25-55 kg (55-120 lbs), 5-6 ft long (120 cm (1m20) to 180 cm (1m80), 66-81 cm tall at the shoulder (26-32 inches)
average male : 40 kg (88 lbs)
average female : 38 kg (83 lbs)
Average Mexican Wolf : 27-41 kg (60-90 lbs), 135-198 cm (53-78 inches)
Average Red Wolf : 18-36 kg (40-80 lbs), 4-5 and a half ft (120-170 cm) 
This is the source, from 1998:


*This image is copyright of its original author



*This image is copyright of its original author


@Wolverine 


*This image is copyright of its original author

Its impressive how tall Maned Wolves are.
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Canada TheNormalGuy Offline
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#8

Weight of Female Wolf Pups from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006)
Weight of Yearlings Female Wolf from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006)
Weight of Adults Female Wolf from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006)

Weight of Male Wolf Pups from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006)



Weight of Yearling Male Wolf from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006)



Weight of Adults Male Wolf from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006)


These six tables were made by me (The Normal Guy/Christophe Boucher) on May 6, 2020.


Sources : Multiples capture and collaring weight collections of Yellowstone National Park



For : The Domain of the Wolf, Carnivora, Wildfact and Domain of Bears
"The Science of Life is a superb and dazzlingly lighted hall which may be reached only by passing through a long and ghastly kitchen". - Claude Bernard
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Canada TheNormalGuy Offline
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#9

My previous post contained my blurry tables. I found a way to make it clearer (PDF).

Weight of Female Wolf Pups from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006) (n =22)




Weight of Adults Female Wolf from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006) (n= 14)



Weight of Male Wolf Pups from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006) (n = 30)



Weight of Yearling Male Wolf from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006) (n=6)


Weight of Adults Male Wolf from Yellowstone National Park (2001-2006) (n =26)



These three tables were made by me (The Normal Guy/Christophe Boucher) on May 6, 2020.

Sources : Multiples capture and collaring weight collections of Yellowstone National Park


For : The Domain of the Wolf, Carnivora, Wildfact and Domain of Bears
"The Science of Life is a superb and dazzlingly lighted hall which may be reached only by passing through a long and ghastly kitchen". - Claude Bernard
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Canada TheNormalGuy Offline
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#10

Average for my tables (above) : 
  • Female Pups (80-81 lbs) (36 kg)
  • Female Yearlings (38.4 kg) (84-85 lbs)
  • Female Adults (41.4 kg) (90 lbs)
  • Male Pups (42.8 kg) (93 lbs)
  • Male Yearling (48.5 kg) (105 lbs)
  • Male Adult (53 kg) (117 lbs)
"The Science of Life is a superb and dazzlingly lighted hall which may be reached only by passing through a long and ghastly kitchen". - Claude Bernard
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Canada TheNormalGuy Offline
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#11

Quote:One of the largest wolf measured in Finland 174 cm long, body+tail. Shoulder height is given, for some reason in this case "a bit over 80 cm". Weight was without blood 54,1 kg
@Shadow 
Quote:The skin of the largest wolf taken in Romania has a total lenght of 172,00 centimeters. But bigger individuals do occure.

In skulls, the largest skull is 29,10 cm in lenght, with a widh of 16,20 cm.
@eagleman 
I note them here for the moment. If i do a table with them later, i will delete this post for structure and efficient reading. 
Thank for letting me know of these measurements.
"The Science of Life is a superb and dazzlingly lighted hall which may be reached only by passing through a long and ghastly kitchen". - Claude Bernard
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