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Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Printable Version

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RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Pckts - 06-02-2020

Saving Sri lanka's Leopards
Big Male Black Leopard
Weight - 71.5 kg
Length - 8 feet
Height - 1.9 feet
Estimated to be about 8 years old.
----------------------------------
• 11 years after the Sri Lankan Melanistic black leopard
was assumed to be extinct, the attention came to the fore
again last year (2019) when it appeared on a remote motion sensor camera (Forests of Adam’s Peak)


• On Tuesday, the 26th of May 2020, Wildlife officials in Sri Lanka rescued a rare black leopard ensnared in a snare on a Laxapana Estate.

• Villagers had called for help after hearing the animal growling at 6am.
(Laxapana Estate - Nallathanniya)


• However the DWC Veterinary Doctor arrived only 8 hours later.

• After they took Black Leopard to Randenigala Veterinary Hospital for treatment.

• On Wednesday, the man who had set up the snare was arrested by Sri Lanka Police for questioning.(NO USE)

• This video footage is confirmed says... He was so healthy & he was so active just few hours before he died...

• But Sri Lankan Wild and Nature Protection officially says (27/05/2020):
"This time a rare Black leopard. The snare had been round the neck.
No serious superficial injuries. It has also other old injuries"


• 05/09/2020 - 10.30am Rescued black leopard dies.

• Causing of death by very careless for dep of wildlife conservation-sri lanka & Maybe poor treatment.

• Finally Sri Lankan rare Beautiful Melanistic black leopard was killed
• We lost pecious wild animal & very bad lost to Sri Lanka & Asian wildlif
https://www.facebook.com/SavingSrilankasLeopards/videos/713565949465402/


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Luipaard - 06-05-2020

"A Large Male Leopard Was Hit By A Car In The Air Force Base Here In Hoedspruit. 
He Was A Stunning Boy Weighing 77kg
Luckily X-Rays Revealed No Fractures, And He Probably Just Had Some Soft Tissue Damage. He Was Released That Same Afternoon"


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author


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*This image is copyright of its original author


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*This image is copyright of its original author

https://www.facebook.com/ProvetWildlifeServices/posts/a-large-male-leopard-was-hit-by-a-car-in-the-air-force-base-here-in-hoedspruithe/1196754790344181/


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Pckts - 06-18-2020


*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author



RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Styx38 - 06-18-2020

(06-18-2020, 07:21 AM)Pckts Wrote:
*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author



Wait, so the Leopards in the Transvaal Low Veld were smaller than they are now?

Also, Indian and East African Leopards are around the same size?

So, there is confirmation of Somali Leopards being the same size as Cape Leopards?

Here is a more recent weight measurement and estimate for Somali Leopards.

"Females  average only  50 to 60 pounds (23-27 kg) and males are 50 percent larger, or  34.5-40.5 kg."

 Source: Big Cats By Tom Brakefield


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Luipaard - 06-19-2020

75kg male and 35kg female collared (South Africa)

Putting up cage traps for catching leopard

*This image is copyright of its original author


Success. KNP vet Marcus Hofmeyr darting the big tomcat

*This image is copyright of its original author


5 Minutes and he is a flat cat

*This image is copyright of its original author


Turning the leopard onto its side to help it breathe easier

*This image is copyright of its original author


Taking blood samples

*This image is copyright of its original author


Preparing the stretcher to receive the big cat. About 75kg of big cat

*This image is copyright of its original author


He almost slips straight through the stretcher, Nakedi gets an arm around its body and stops it from going all the way

*This image is copyright of its original author


On unsure footing trying to get 75kg of cat back into the bag

*This image is copyright of its original author


Regaining control

*This image is copyright of its original author


Delivering the package

*This image is copyright of its original author


Unwrapping the stretcher Markus realize the cat has stopped breathing and we start CPR immediately

*This image is copyright of its original author


Nakedi takes over from Markus breathing into the nostrils, myself doing the heart massage while Marcus gets the antidote to the drugs ready

*This image is copyright of its original author


Nakedi doing the kiss of life on a leopard

*This image is copyright of its original author


Markus administers the antidote

*This image is copyright of its original author


Nakedi making sure the airways are clear, Markus feeling the animal's pulse

*This image is copyright of its original author


10 Seconds after the antidote is in his system he's breathing on his own and we clear the area

*This image is copyright of its original author


One day after the big male, we get a female in another cage trap. Here she is already asleep with Markus keeping an eye on her.

*This image is copyright of its original author


She weighs about 35 kg so no crane needed this time

*This image is copyright of its original author


Markus checking the size for the radio collar.

*This image is copyright of its original author



Finished and fitted

*This image is copyright of its original author


More photos can be seen here: https://www.facebook.com/pauli.viljoen/media_set?set=a.10150401755697864&type=1


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Styx38 - 06-21-2020

@Luipaard

If we are going by biggest to smallest Leopard subspecies, the list would be:

1. Persian Leopard

2. African Forest Leopard  (Unsure about Sri Lankan Leopard)

3. South African Leopard

4. Tie between Indian and other African Leopards

5. Indochinese Leopard

6. Amur Leopard (unsure about Javan Leopard)

7. Weird specimens, such as the Somalian and Cape Leopards

8. Arabian Leopard


^Let me know if I made a mistake.


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Luipaard - 06-21-2020

(06-21-2020, 02:58 AM)Styx38 Wrote: @Luipaard

If we are going by biggest to smallest Leopard subspecies, the list would be:

1. Persian Leopard

2. African Forest Leopard  (Unsure about Sri Lankan Leopard)

3. South African Leopard

4. Tie between Indian and other African Leopards

5. Indochinese Leopard

6. Amur Leopard (unsure about Javan Leopard)

7. Weird specimens, such as the Somalian and Cape Leopards

8. Arabian Leopard


^Let me know if I made a mistake.

Definitely a toss up between Persian and (West) African forest leopards for the number 1 spot. Then you have so many African populations who differ so much from each other (e.g. Kruger leopards and Cape leopards) because of various reasons (different climate, prey abundance, ...). But I'd rank them as followed:

  1. African forest leopards
    Persian leopards
  2. East African leopards from the elevated regions
  3. Large South African populations (e.g. Sabi Sands leopards, KwaZulu-Natal leopards) 
    Masai Mara leopards from Kenya
  4. Sri Lankan leopards
  5. Other African populations (Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, ...)
    Indian leopards
  6. Amur leopards
  7. Indochinese leopards
  8. Javan leopards
    Cape leopards
    Somalian leopards
  9. Arabian leopards
I ranked the Amur leopard above the Indochinese (and Javan) leopard based on the available body measurements.

Amur leopard:


*This image is copyright of its original author


Indochinese leopard:


*This image is copyright of its original author


Javan leopard:


*This image is copyright of its original author


It's quite difficult to rank them imo (bar the smaller populations) because of extreme individualism within leopards. Exceptional large males from South Africa (e.g. Mbavala leopard from Kruger, Camp Pan from Sabi Sands, ...) could be ranked higher for example.


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Ashutosh - 06-21-2020

@Luipaard, even amongst Indian leopards, there is big difference between the South Indian leopards and North Indian leopards as the average weight difference between the 2 is about 10-15 kilos for males.

Male leopards from Himachal, Kashmir, Northern Pakistan, Haryana and Terai constantly weigh over 70 kilos. Whereas, only exception specimens like Temple male from Kabini reach such weights. So, the North Indian leopards average very close to Sri Lankan leopards even though the South Indian leopards are genetically closer.


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Luipaard - 06-21-2020

@Ashutosh 

Quote:Male leopards from Himachal, Kashmir, Northern Pakistan, Haryana and Terai constantly weigh over 70 kilos


Do you mean that adult males weigh at least 70kg, including average sized males? If so, that's impressive. Do you have some data to post in this thread?


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Ashutosh - 06-21-2020

Actually, what I meant was the frequency of males weighing over 70 kilos from Northern India is much higher than Southern India. You can look at some measurements from this thread itself, there are about 5 males who weighed above 70 kilos.

The average weight is definitely not over 70 kilos for North Indian leopards but it is definitely higher by about 15% than South Indian leopard.


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Luipaard - 06-23-2020

(06-21-2020, 09:40 PM)Ashutosh Wrote: Actually, what I meant was the frequency of males weighing over 70 kilos from Northern India is much higher than Southern India. You can look at some measurements from this thread itself, there are about 5 males who weighed above 70 kilos.

The average weight is definitely not over 70 kilos for North Indian leopards but it is definitely higher by about 15% than South Indian leopard.

Well in that case they may be ranked next to Sri Lankan leopards.

About the size of Sabi Sand leopards:

"Adult male leopards are significantly bigger than females. Although weights of adult males are often exaggerated, with some captured individuals reported to weigh close to 100kg, a far likelier average weight in the Sabi Sand Reserve would be around 70-75kg. Of course if the leopard has a full stomach that could add significantly to its weight, as individuals can eat probably a good few kilograms of meat at a single sitting. Also, leopards from different areas attain different sizes (eg. Leopards from the Cederberg region of South Africa are much smaller than their Londolozi cousins, but we’ll go into that another day), but wherever you are in the world, adult males are still going to weigh more than females, probably around 50% more in most cases. An average female on Londolozi might be in the 40-45kg range."

About their tracks:

"This is where things get slightly trickier, as again the size difference isn’t always the only thing to go on. A young male leopard’s tracks can be very similar in size to an adult female, and even within the same sex there is a tremendous amount of variation between individual track sizes. The Nanga female has probably the smallest tracks of any female leopard on Londolozi, whilst the Mashaba and Nkoveni females both have tracks that could easily be confused with a male, so large are they. The Camp Pan male had tracks so big that he was sometimes tracked in the belief that it was a solitary lioness! The general rule of thumb is that males have larger tracks, but the shape of the individual tracks themselves can also give one a clue. The outside edge of a male’s rear pad tends to be quite rounded, whilst a female’s tends to be more angular. Why this is so I can’t say, but it is a fairly consistent rule."

https://blog.londolozi.com/2018/08/18/what-is-the-difference-between-a-male-and-female-leopard/#:~:text=The%20bottom%2C%20larger%20set%20of,wider%20than%20the%20hind%20pad.


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Luipaard - 06-27-2020

45kg female leopard




RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Styx38 - 07-18-2020

Some Leopards in the Okavango Delta were tracked and weighed.

. "Leopard mass varied between 63 and 68.5 kg and the average of 65.8 kg was assumed for one individual whose body mass was unknown"

source: Hubel Tatjana Y.Golabek Krystyna A.Rafiq KasimMcNutt J. Weldon and Wilson Alan M. 2018. Movement patterns and athletic performance of leopards in the Okavango DeltaProc. R. Soc. B.28520172622


The Okavango Delta males are good sized Leopards around 66 kg.


RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Pckts - 08-10-2020

(06-18-2020, 08:16 AM)Styx38 Wrote:
(06-18-2020, 07:21 AM)Pckts Wrote:
*This image is copyright of its original author


*This image is copyright of its original author



Wait, so the Leopards in the Transvaal Low Veld were smaller than they are now?

Also, Indian and East African Leopards are around the same size?

So, there is confirmation of Somali Leopards being the same size as Cape Leopards?

Here is a more recent weight measurement and estimate for Somali Leopards.

"Females  average only  50 to 60 pounds (23-27 kg) and males are 50 percent larger, or  34.5-40.5 kg."

 Source: Big Cats By Tom Brakefield
I assume you're basing it off of what was about Pocock?
Pocock only looked at musuem specimens that I'm aware of and I'm not sure how many he actually reviewed.


*This image is copyright of its original author



RE: Modern Weights and Measurements of Leopards - Styx38 - 08-23-2020

(06-21-2020, 04:21 PM)Luipaard Wrote:
(06-21-2020, 02:58 AM)Styx38 Wrote: @Luipaard

If we are going by biggest to smallest Leopard subspecies, the list would be:

1. Persian Leopard

2. African Forest Leopard  (Unsure about Sri Lankan Leopard)

3. South African Leopard

4. Tie between Indian and other African Leopards

5. Indochinese Leopard

6. Amur Leopard (unsure about Javan Leopard)

7. Weird specimens, such as the Somalian and Cape Leopards

8. Arabian Leopard


^Let me know if I made a mistake.

Definitely a toss up between Persian and (West) African forest leopards for the number 1 spot. Then you have so many African populations who differ so much from each other (e.g. Kruger leopards and Cape leopards) because of various reasons (different climate, prey abundance, ...). But I'd rank them as followed:

  1. African forest leopards
    Persian leopards
  2. East African leopards from the elevated regions
  3. Large South African populations (e.g. Sabi Sands leopards, KwaZulu-Natal leopards) 
    Masai Mara leopards from Kenya
  4. Sri Lankan leopards
  5. Other African populations (Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, ...)
    Indian leopards
  6. Amur leopards
  7. Indochinese leopards
  8. Javan leopards
    Cape leopards
    Somalian leopards
  9. Arabian leopards
I ranked the Amur leopard above the Indochinese (and Javan) leopard based on the available body measurements.

Amur leopard:


*This image is copyright of its original author


Indochinese leopard:


*This image is copyright of its original author


Javan leopard:


*This image is copyright of its original author


It's quite difficult to rank them imo (bar the smaller populations) because of extreme individualism within leopards. Exceptional large males from South Africa (e.g. Mbavala leopard from Kruger, Camp Pan from Sabi Sands, ...) could be ranked higher for example.

What is the source of the Javan Leopard measurement?